Housing and Construction

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Buildings and free-time residences

Classification of Buildings 2018

Building type 2005 2010 2019 2020 2021
One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses 1 066 220 1 113 020 1 174 260 1 169 903 1 171 717
Terraced houses 72 620 77 015 83 381 84 022 84 325
Blocks of flats 56 195 58 669 64 843 65 479 65 846
Other buildings 185 760 197 392 215 688 217 246 218 546
Total 1 380 795 1 446 096 1 538 172 1 536 650 1 540 434
Free-time residences 1) 474 277 489 232 511 901 508 289 508 919
Saunas 2) 1 366 414 1 501 567 1 686 213 1 719 650 1 735 517

1) Since 2020 incl. rental holiday cottages, excl. detached houses in leisure-time use.
2) Only saunas in flats. The total number of saunas was estimated to be over 2,3 million at the end of 2021.

Permanently occupied dwellings

Classification of Buildings 2018

  2005 2010 2020 2021
Total 2 429 500 2 537 197 2 766 679 2 793 636
One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses, % 40,3 40,4 38,2 37,9
Terraced houses, % 14,0 13,9 13,5 13,5
Blocks of flats, % 43,6 43,7 46,8 47,0
Other buildings, % 2,1 2,0 1,5 1,6
Tenure status        
Owner-occupied dwellings, % 64,0 65,5 62,3 . .
Rented dwellings, % 31,8 30,4 34,4 . .
Right of occupancy dwelling,s % 1,2 1,3 1,8 . .
Other form of tenure or unknown, % 2,9 2,7 1,5 . .
Floor area per dwelling, m2

79,7

81,2

80,9

80,7
Floor area per person, m2 37,5 39,1 41,3 41,5
Persons living in overcrowded dwellings 1), % 19,5 17,9 16,1 15,8

1) More than one person per room, excl. kitchen.

Household-dwelling units, 2021

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

Size of household­dwelling unit Total % One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses Terraced houses Blocks of flats Other buildings
1 person 1 282 488 45,9 254 704 174 176 825 340 28 268
2 persons 902 372 32,3 429 798 120 817 341 530 10 227
3 persons 272 792 9,8 147 725 40 799 81 474 2 794
4+ persons 335 984 12,0 226 130 41 045 65 815 2 994
Total 2 793 636 100 1 058 357 376 837 1 314 159 44 283

Completed buildings and dwellings

Completed buildings   2000 2010 2020 2021
Total mil. m3 39,02 35,32 37,21 36,29
Residential mil. m3 13,56 11,10 12,48 11,83
Commercial and office buildings mil. m3 6,20 5,56 4,81 4,01
Industrial buildings and warehouses mil. m3 8,16 7,51 9,33 9,73
Other mil. m3 11,09 11,15 10,59 10,72
Completed dwellings   2000 2010 2020 2021
Total Number 35 361 25 428 39 026 37 434
Detached and semi-detached houses Number 18 170 13 630 10 304 10 124
Blocks of flats Number 16 772 11 140 28 062 26 887
Residential buildings for communities Number 18 213 - -
Dwellings of special groups Number - 85 163 100
Other than residential buildings Number 401 360 497 323

Completed dwellings

Content available in Excel format

Volume index of newbuilding 2015 = 100

New buildings, building expansions and alterations comparable to rebuilding

Content available in Excel format

Building cost index 2000 = 100 by type of cost

Building cost index 2000=100 by type of cost

Prices of dwellings in blocks of flats

Data on old dwellings based on the Tax Administration's data, data on new dwellings based on the data of the Central Federation of Finnish Real Estate Agencies and Statistics Finland

  Old dwellings New dwellings
Year Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  Unencumbered average prices, €/m2
2015 3 515 1 588 5 111 3 452
2016 3 584 1 582 5 168 3 733
2017 3 718 1 598 5 206 3 859
2018 3 874 1 598 5 450 3 997
2019 3 966 1 590 5 873 4 073
2020 4 152 1 590 6 262 4 238
2021 4 380 1 635 6 441 4 376

Dwellings in old blocks of flats: real price indices

Content available in Excel format

Prices of real estate

  Old single family houses Single family house plots
Year Average
price
Index Real price
index
Average
price
Index Real price
index
  €/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100 €/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100
2015 1 541 100,0 100,0 18,6 100,0 100,0
2016 1 549 100,1 99,8 21,2 98,1 97,8
2017 1 560 98,8 97,7 22,7 97,9 96,9
2018 1 545 96,9 95,0 23,5 103,2 101,1
2019 1 588 96,0 92,9 22,4 100,0 96,9
2020 1 629 97,4 94,0 23,1 107,6 103,9
2021 1 749 103,5 97,8 24,7 115,9 109,6

Average rents of rented dwellings

  Non-subsidised dwellings  Government-subsidised dwellings 
Year Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  €/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month
2015 16,87 11,22 12,19 10,39
2016 17,49 11,51 12,42 10,51
2017 18,39 12,29 12,74 10,72
2018 18,78 12,58 12,98 10,80
2019 19,29 12,85 13,10 10,92
2020 20,12 12,99 13,29 11,05
2021 20,28 13,05 13,41 11,13

Main topic: Housing and construction

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 4 Oct 2022