Population

Contents

Population structure on 31 December

  1900 1950 2000 2019 2020
Population, thousand          
Total 2 656 4 030 5 181 5 525 5 534
Males 1 311 1 926 2 529 2 728 2 734
Females 1 345 2 104 2 652 2 797 2 800
Age, %          
  0–14 35,1 30,0 18,1 15,8 15,6
15–64 59,6 63,4 66,9 62,0 61,7
65–84 5,2 6,4 13,5 19,6 19,9
85– 0,1 0,2 1,5 2,7 2,8
Average age, years          
Males 26,3 28,6 37,7 41,8 42,1
Females 27,5 31,6 41,0 44,5 44,7
Language 1), %          
Finnish 86,8 91,1 92,4 87,3 87,3
Swedish 12,9 8,6 5,6 5,2 5,2
Sami 0,1 0,1 0,0 0,0 0,0
Other 0,3 0,2 1,9 7,5 7,8
Marital status, %          
Single 60,9 53,3 47,1 48,7 48,9
Males 63,0 55,6 51,1 52,5 52,8
Females 58,9 50,8 43,2 44,9 45,1
Married 2) 33,6 39,4 38,3 35,6 35,3
Males 34,0 41,2 39,2 36,0 35,7
Females 33,2 38,0 37,5 35,2 34,9
Divorced and widowed 2) 5,5 7,2 14,6 15,7 15,8
Males 3,0 3,2 9,7 11,4 11,6
Females 7,9 11,2 19,3 19,9 19,9
Religion, %          
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland 3) 98,1 95,0 85,1 68,7 67,8
Greek Orthodox Church 4) 1,7 1,7 1,1 1,1 1,1
Other 0,2 0,5 1,1 1,7 1,7
Population Register or unknown - 2,8 12,7 28,5 29,4

1) Finnish and Swedish are the official languages
2) In 2019–2020 incl. registered partnerships
3) Incl. other Lutheran churches
4) Incl. other Orthodox churches

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Demographic dependency ratio by municipality, 2020

Content available in Excel format

Regional division as on 1 January 2021

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 19.4.2021

Age structure of population on 31 DecemberContent available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Population and population projection by age group

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Population

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Vital statistics

  2000 1) 2010  ‰ 1) 2019 1) 2020 1)
Live births 56 742 11,0 60 980 11,4 45 613 8,3 46 463 8,4
Deaths 49 339 9,5 50 887 9,5 53 949 9,8 55 488 10,0
Natural population increase 7 403 1,4 10 093 1,9 -8 336 -1,5 -9 025 -1,6
Immigration 16 895 3,3 25 636 4,8 32 758 5,9 . . . .
Emigration 14 311 2,8 11 905 2,2 17 263 3,1 . . . .
Net immigration  2 584 0,5 13 731 2,6 15 495 2,8 . . . .
Change in the population 9 813 1,9 23 849 4,4 7 373 1,3 . . . .
Marriages 2)                
Couples of opposite sex 27 751 5,4 31 925 6,0 21 920 4,0 . . . .
Couples of same sex . . . . . . . . 376 0,1 . . . .
Registered partnerships . . . . 322 0,1 . . . . . . . .
Divorces 2)                
Couples of opposite sex 14 096 2,7 13 807 2,6 13 311 2,4 . . . .
Couples of same sex . . . . . . . . 54 0,0 . . . .
Divorces from registered partnerships 2) . . . . 64 0,0 72 0,0 . . . .

1) Per thousand mean population
2) Marriages contracted and divorces where at least one of the spouses is living
    permanently in Finland

Source: Statistics Finland, Population

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 23.4.2021

Development of population

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Live births and deaths

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Population

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 23.4.2021

Migration

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Migration

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 14.5.2020

Population by origin and language, 2019

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 2.6.2020

Population by language on 31 December

  2017 2018 2019 2020 %
National languages, total 5 139 805 5 126 173 5 112 648 5 100 946 92,0
Finnish 4 848 761 4 835 778 4 822 690 4 811 067 86,9
Swedish 289 052 288 400 287 954 287 871 5,2
Sami 1 992 1 995 2 004 2 008 0,0
Foreign languages, total 373 325 391 746 412 644 432 847 7,8
Russian 77 177 79 225 81 606 84 190 1,5
Estonian 49 590 49 691 49 427 49 551 0,9
Arabic 26 467 29 462 31 920 34 282 0,6
English 19 626 20 713 22 052 23 433 0,4
Somali 20 007 20 944 21 920 22 794 0,4
Kurdish 13 327 14 054 14 803 15 368 0,3
Persian, Farsi 12 090 13 017 14 118 15 105 0,3
Chinese 11 825 12 407 13 064 13 778 0,2
Albanian 10 391 10 990 11 806 12 664 0,2
Vietnamese 9 872 10 440 11 094 11 562 0,2
Total 5 513 130 5 517 919 5 525 292 5 533 793 100

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Population by citizenship

Country of citizenship 2017 2018 2019 2020 Increase of population 2019–2020, %
Finland 5 263 678 5 260 347 5 257 663 5 254 876 -0,1
Foreign countries total 249 452 257 572 267 629 278 917 4,2
Estonia 51 539 51 456 50 860 50 866 0,0
Russia 29 183 28 747 28 528 28 866 1,2
Iraq 11 729 13 078 13 943 14 708 5,5
China 8 742 9 230 9 825 10 458 6,4
Sweden 8 018 7 996 7 983 8 041 0,7
Thailand 7 533 7 632 7 772 7 851 1,0
India 5 159 5 730 6 751 7 237 7,2
Afghanistan 5 792 6 198 6 666 7 059 5,9
Syrian Arab Republic 5 290 6 016 6 579 6 915 5,1
Vietnam 5 603 5 941 6 350 6 630 4,4
Others 110 864 115 548 122 372 130 286 6,5
Total 5 513 130 5 517 919 5 525 292 5 533 793 0,2

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Finnish citizenships granted 1)

Country of previous citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Russia 2 317 1 728 2 028 2 758 1 766 1 946
Estonia 382 420 459 705 541 658
Iraq 405 560 534 742 621 589
Somalia 834 955 1 066 957 856 583
Afghanistan 251 242 376 469 339 309
Syrian Arab Republic 16 28 47 118 118 299
Thailand 125 150 193 261 249 281
Turkey 257 229 264 313 210 260
Ukraine 141 145 163 281 202 255
Sweden 186 165 206 212 210 248
Others 3 346 3 299 4 039 5 403 4 099 4 221
Total 8 260 7 921 9 375 12 219 9 211 9 649

1) Persons permanently resident in Finland

Source: Statistics Finland, Citizenships granted

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 7.5.2020

Asylum-seekers and refugee quota

  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Asylum-seekers 3 651 32 477 5 647 5 047 4 548 4 550
Decisions on asylum 1)            
  Asylum granted 501 1 112 4 586 2 528 1 852 2 073
  Residence permit granted 2) 845 767 3 159 1 256 888 888
  No asylum or residence
  permit granted 3)
2 050 1 307 14 282 3 996 1 976 2 875
Family reunification            
  Positive decisions 1 094 986 1 179 2 080 1 752 1 531
  Negative decisions 1 035 406 283 619 745 613
Refugee quota 1 050 1 050 750 750 750 750

1) Decisions of the Finnish Immigration Service
2) Incl. residence permits granted on the basis of humanitarian and subsidiary protection
3) Change in the statistical practice from the beginning of 2015

Source: Finnish Immigration Service

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 27.8.2020

Life expectancy

Age 2000   2010   2019  
  Males Females Males Females Males Females
  Years          
  0 74,1 81,0 76,7 83,2 79,2 84,5
10 64,6 71,4 67,0 73,5 69,4 74,7
20 54,8 61,5 57,2 63,6 59,6 64,9
30 45,4 51,7 47,8 53,8 50,1 55,1
40 36,1 42,1 38,3 44,0 40,6 45,3
50 27,3 32,7 29,3 34,6 31,3 35,7
60 19,2 23,7 21,1 25,5 22,6 26,5
70 12,1 15,2 13,8 17,0 14,9 17,8
80 6,6 8,2 7,6 9,4 8,4 10,2

Source: Statistics Finland, Deaths

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 30.10.2020

Families, 2019

  All  Average Families with children
  families size of family aged 0–17 aged 0–6
Total 1 467 368 2,7 558 302 265 618
Married couple without children        
   Couples of opposite sex 533 910 2,0 . .
   Couples of same sex 1) 2 599 2,0 . .
Married couple with children          
   Couples of opposite sex 396 025 4,0 318 557 150 977
   Couples of same sex 2) 873 3,6 838 556
Cohabiting couples of opposite sex        
   Without children 224 270 2,0 . .
   With children 122 918 3,7 111 006 69 200
Mother with children 152 759 2,6 108 902 41 378
Father with children 34 014 2,3 18 999 3 507

1) Incl. registered partnerships
2) Incl. registered partnerships with children

Source: Statistics Finland, Families

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 26.5.2020

Families with children and the number of children, 2019

Number of children
aged 0–17 
Families with
children
 %
 
Number of
children
%
 
Total 558 302 100 1 028 030 100
1 child 238 568 42,7 238 568 23,2
2 children 218 920 39,2 437 840 42,6
3 children 72 506 13,0 217 518 21,2
4+ children 28 308 5,1 134 104 13,0

Source: Statistics Finland, Families

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 26.5.2020

Population data by region

Region Population 31.12.   Increase of population, %
Regional division as on 1 January 2021 2019 2020 2019–2020
Uusimaa 1 689 725 1 702 678 0,8
Southwest Finland 479 341 481 403 0,4
Satakunta 216 752 215 416 -0,6
Kanta-Häme 170 925 170 577 -0,2
Pirkanmaa 519 872 522 852 0,6
Päijät-Häme 206 315 205 771 -0,3
Kymenlaakso 164 456 162 812 -1,0
South Karelia 127 757 126 921 -0,7
South Savo 134 314 132 702 -1,2
North Savo 249 003 248 265 -0,3
North Karelia 164 465 163 537 -0,6
Central Finland 272 898 272 617 -0,1
South Ostrobothnia 193 207 192 150 -0,5
Ostrobothnia 175 923 175 816 -0,1
Central Ostrobothnia 68 158 67 988 -0,2
North Ostrobothnia 412 830 413 830 0,2
Kainuu 72 306 71 664 -0,9
Lapland 177 161 176 665 -0,3
Åland 29 884 30 129 0,8
Whole country 5 525 292 5 533 793 0,2

Source: Statistics Finland, Population

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

Population in the largest municipalities

  Municipality 1) Population Increase of population  
    31.12.2020 2019–2020 %
1. Helsinki 656 920 3 085 0,5
2. Espoo 292 796 3 065 1,1
3. Tampere 241 009 2 869 1,2
4. Vantaa 237 231 3 456 1,5
5. Oulu 207 327 1 838 0,9
6. Turku 194 391 1 429 0,7
7. Jyväskylä 143 420 1 020 0,7
8. Kuopio 120 210 928 0,8
9. Lahti 119 984 161 0,1
10. Pori 83 684 -250 -0,3
11. Kouvola 81 187 -926 -1,1
12. Joensuu 76 935 85 0,1
13. Lappeenranta 72 662 28 0,0
14. Hämeenlinna 67 848 215 0,3
15. Vaasa 67 551 -85 -0,1
16. Seinäjoki 64 130 349 0,5
17. Rovaniemi 63 528 486 0,8
18. Mikkeli 52 583 -551 -1,0
19. Kotka 51 668 -458 -0,9
20. Salo 51 562 -271 -0,5
21. Porvoo 50 619 239 0,5
22. Kokkola 47 772 91 0,2
23. Hyvinkää 46 576 106 0,2
24. Lohja 45 886 -79 -0,2
25. Järvenpää 44 455 744 1,7
26. Nurmijärvi 43 663 670 1,6
27. Kirkkonummi 40 082 496 1,3
28. Rauma 39 040 -165 -0,4
29. Tuusula 38 783 184 0,5
30. Kerava 37 105 349 0,9
31. Kajaani 36 567 -142 -0,4
32. Kaarina 34 667 730 2,2
33. Nokia 34 476 547 1,6
34. Ylöjärvi 33 352 98 0,3
35. Savonlinna 32 662 -312 -0,9
36. Kangasala 32 214 346 1,1
37. Vihti 29 160 2 0,0
38. Riihimäki 28 710 -83 -0,3
39. Raasepori 27 528 -8 0,0
40. Imatra 26 075 -433 -1,6
41. Raisio 24 407 351 1,5
42. Raahe 24 353 -326 -1,3
43. Sastamala 24 052 -225 -0,9
44. Lempäälä 23 828 305 1,3
45. Hollola 23 251 -159 -0,7
46. Sipoo 21 687 517 2,4
47. Tornio 21 467 -135 -0,6
48. Siilinjärvi 21 251 -172 -0,8
49. Iisalmi 21 124 -244 -1,1
50. Mäntsälä 20 783 62 0,3

1) The total number of municipalities 309. Regional division as on 1 January 2021.

Source: Statistics Finland, Population structure

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 31.3.2021

 

Main topic: Population

Last updated 23 Apr 2021