Work, Wages and Livelihood

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Population aged 15 to 74 by activity

  2018 2019 2020 2021
Population aged 15 to 74, thousand 4 124 4 128 4 133 4 123
Labour force 2 709 2 717 2 704 2 766
Employed 2 507 2 533 2 495 2 555
Unemployed 202 184 209 212
Inactive population 1 415 1 411 1 429 1 357
Labour force rate, % 65,7 65,8 65,4 67,1
Unemployment rate, % 7,5 6,8 7,7 7,7
Males 7,7 7,3 8,1 8,2
Females 7,2 6,2 7,4 7,1
Employed by type of employment relationship, thousand
Full-time work 2 082 2 091 2 078 2 073
Part-time work 423 440 415 473
Employed by employer sector, thousand
Private 1 852 1 885 1 866 1 914
Local government 516 513 476 475
Central government 133 131 146 148
Employed by status in employment, thousand
Employees 2 169 2 185 2 151 2 193
Self-employed persons and unpaid family workers 338 347 343 361
Annual hours actually worked per employee, hours/year
Total 1 599 1 590 1 572 1 557
Private sector 1 621 1 612 1 583 1 570
Public sector 1 549 1 537 1 546 1 526

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Employment rate, %

Content available in Excel format

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Employed persons aged 15 to 74 by industry

Industry TOL 2008 2018 2019 2020 2021
  Thousand persons
Agriculture, forestry and fishing; mining and quarrying  102 106 100 107
Manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning and water supply; sewerage and waste management 358 349 357 351
Construction 202 196 194 189
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 292 287 272 291
Transportation and storage 146 148 139 135
Accommodation and food service activities 89 103 83 86
Information and communication 109 117 122 126
Financial, insurance and real estate activities 73 73 76 74
Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities 285 295 304 315
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 110 106 111 117
Education 174 176 177 181
Human health and social work activities 409 413 402 410
Arts, entertainment and recreation; other service activities 152 157 150 157
Industry unknown 6 7 8 16
Total 2 507 2 533 2 495 2 555

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Employees aged 15 to 74 by type of employment relationship

  Employees total Employees total Permanent full-time work Permanent part-time work Fixed-term work
Year     Males Females Males Females Males Females
  Thousand persons Per cent of employees
2010 2 082 100 40 34 3 7 6 10
2011 2 104 100 40 34 3 7 6 10
2012 2 110 100 39 34 3 7 6 9
2013 2 093 100 40 34 3 7 6 10
2014 2 072 100 39 35 3 7 6 10
2015 2 050 100 39 35 3 7 6 9
2016 2 071 100 39 34 3 8 7 10
2017 2 114 100 40 33 3 8 7 10
2018 2 169 100 40 33 3 8 7 10
2019 2 185 100 40 33 3 8 7 9
2020 2 151 100 40 34 3 7 6 9
2021 2 193 100 39 33 3 8 7 10

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Unemployed, aged 15 to 74 years of age

Content available in Excel format

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Unemployment rate

  Total Males Females Total
Year Aged 15 to 74 Aged 15 to 24 
  % % % %
2010 8,6 9,4 7,7 22,0
2011 8,0 8,7 7,2 20,3
2012 7,9 8,6 7,1 19,5
2013 8,3 9,1 7,5 20,6
2014 8,7 9,6 7,8 20,5
2015 9,4 10,2 8,6 22,5
2016 8,9 9,4 8,4 20,5
2017 8,7 9,1 8,3 20,0
2018 7,5 7,7 7,2 17,3
2019 6,8 7,3 6,2 17,7
2020 7,7 8,1 7,4 21,0
2021 7,7 8,2 7,1 17,1

The Labour Force Survey was renewed at the beginning of 2021. The table contains time series corrected retrospectively in accordance with the new estimation method.

Index of wage and salary earnings, average annual changes

Content available in Excel format

* preliminary data

Index of wage and salary earnings by employer sector

Content available in Excel format

* preliminary data

Total earnings by employer sector, 2020

Employer sector Median of total earnings, €/month Full-time employees
  Total Men Women
Private sector 3 303 3 566 2 972 1 009 756
Local government 2 960 3 358 2 895 359 914
Central government 3 850 4 164 3 441 70 269
Total 3 228 3 575 2 953 1 439 939

Total earnings by level of education and age, 2020

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Total earnings by occupation, 2020

Category of occupation Median of total earnings, €/month Full-time employees
  Total Men Women
Managers 6 877 7 401 5 850 54 240
Managing directors and chief executives 10 910 11 435 8 629 2 658
Professionals 4 207 4 622 3 888 379 988
Medical doctors 7 451 7 749 7 279 12 720
Primary school and early childhood teachers 3 111 3 720 3 035 41 949
Technicians and associate professionals 3 311 3 749 3 043 352 390
Nursing and midwifery associate professionals 3 115 3 403 3 088 55 320
Sales and purchasing agents and brokers 3 992 4 299 3 609 45 274
Clerical support workers 2 759 2 892 2 726 85 412
Numerical clerks 2 836 2 938 2 824 16 066
Service and sales workers 2 534 2 724 2 483 225 132
Shop salespersons 2 575 2 820 2 478 49 164
Child care workers and teachers' aides 2 287 2 207 2 293 33 710
Personal care workers in health services 2 711 2 768 2 705 71 346
Craft and related trades workers 3 083 3 125 2 694 111 144
Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 3 064 3 158 2 692 117 657
Heavy truck and bus drivers 2 994 3 011 2 759 26 850
Cleaners and helpers 2 080 2 070 2 081 40 254

Income and taxes in state taxation, 2020

Individual taxpayers and death estates

Income bracket, € Income recipients, thousand Income subject to taxation, € million Income taxes, € million
– 9 999 1 413 13 027 962
10 000–19 999 872 17 003 2 353
20 000–29 999 891 26 540 4 224
30 000–39 999 676 26 920 5 336
40 000–49 999 376 18 921 4 463
50 000–59 999 200 12 227 3 225
60 000–69 999 110 7 936 2 254
70 000–79 999 65 5 377 1 607
80 000–89 999 39 3 683 1 155
90 000–99 999 26 2 678 879
100 000–149 999 50 6 461 2 279
150 000– 27 9 253 3 468
Yhteensä 4 746 150 026 32 205

Source: Tax Administration

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 24.2.2022

At-risk-of-poverty

Content available in Excel format.

1) Persons at-risk-of-poverty are those whose household’s disposable monetary income per consumption unit is below 60 per cent of the median income of the whole population.

Financial assets of households

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Households' withdrawals of new housing loans

New housing loans withdrawn from Finnish financial institutions

Content available in Excel format

Source: Bank of Finland

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 4.4.2022

Loans granted to households on 31 December

Loans granted by Finnish financial institutions

Year Housing loans Consumer credit and other loans Total
  € billion    
2015 92,0 30,0 122,0
2016 94,1 30,9 124,9
2017 96,1 32,0 128,1
2018 97,8 33,0 130,7
2019 100,4 34,1 134,4
2020 103,6 34,9 138,6
2021 107,8 36,0 143,7

Source: Bank of Finland

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 4.4.2022

Household consumption expenditure

  1980 1990 2000 2010 2020*
  %        
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 18,6 18,3 24,5 25,8 30,6
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 21,3 16,3 12,6 12,1 12,5
Transport 14,4 14,5 13,2 12,3 10,4
Recreation and culture 10,2 11,2 11,3 11,9 9,3
Alcoholic beverages, tobacco and narcotics 6,3 6,6 5,8 5,1 5,3
Restaurants and hotels 6,4 7,7 6,4 6,3 5,2
Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance 6,1 5,4 4,8 5,3 5,1
Health 2,1 2,9 3,8 4,4 4,9
Clothing and footwear 6,1 5,6 4,6 4,8 3,4
Communication 1,1 1,4 3,1 2,5 2,5
Education 0,2 0,3 0,5 0,4 0,4
Miscellaneous goods and services 7,2 9,8 9,4 9,1 10,3
Total 100 100 100 100 100

* preliminary data

Commuting

Year Persons working outside their municipality of residence Persons working in their municipality of residence
  Total % Total %
1990 509 861 21,9 1 822 421 78,1
2000 610 938 27,4 1 617 619 72,6
2010 751 778 32,3 1 573 901 67,7
2011 771 068 32,7 1 583 354 67,3
2012 769 825 32,9 1 570 079 67,1
2013 760 460 33,0 1 541 291 67,0
2014 756 159 33,3 1 517 917 66,7
2015 758 240 33,6 1 498 219 66,4
2016 775 239 34,1 1 500 440 65,9
2017 805 269 34,6 1 522 461 65,4
2018 825 287 34,8 1 548 381 65,2
2019 825 109 34,8 1 548 417 65,2

Regional division as on 1 January 2020

Main topic: Work, Wages and Livelihood

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

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The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 17 Jun 2022