Health and Social Protection

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Health care expenditure 1)

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1) Excl. investment expenditure. The EU Regulation-based SHA 2011 statistical system is used in the statistics.
2) Excl. occupational, student and oral health care. Incl. home nursing 2000–2014.
3) Excl. long-term care in primary health care and specialised health care. Incl. home care from 2015.

Primary health care and specialised health care

  2000 2010 2017 2018 2019 2020
  Thousand          
Health centres            
Outpatient visits 1)  25 131 27 191 I   25 087 25 138 23 954 22 244
General practitioner visits  10 350 7 129 I     6 634 6 444 5 700 4 622
Others 14 780 18 796 I   18 453 18 694 17 254  17 622
Specialised health care            
Outpatient visits 2) 5 693 7 858 10 036 10 469 11 284 11 462
Day-surgery inpatient stays 128 176 177 183 765 907
Inpatient stays 960 816 782 770 779 691

1) Excl. dental care
2) Incl. visits to public specialised health care

l  line across a time series shows substantial breaks in the homogeneity of a series

Social protection expenditure by function

Function 2010 2018 2019
  € million % € million % € million %
Sickness and health 13 468 24,6 15 612 22,2 16 222 22,5
Disability 6 427 11,7 6 614 9,4 6 781 9,4
Old age 19 171 35,0 29 743 42,4 30 872 42,8
Survivors 1 724 3,1 1 831 2,6 1 844 2,6
Family and children 5 845 10,7 6 879 9,8 7 118 9,9
Unemployment 4 370 8,0 4 281 6,1 3 930 5,4
Housing 923 1,7 2 089 3,0 2 107 2,9
Other social protection 1 425 2,6 1 968 2,8 2 039 2,8
Administration 1 480 2,7 1 210 1,7 1 204 1,7
Total 54 832 100 70 229 100 72 117 100
% relative to GDP 29,3   30,0   30,0  

Recipients of family allowances

  2000 2010 2020 2021
Parental allowances        
Mothers 97 359 103 577 79 666 82 686
Fathers 42 924 56 393 58 170 60 710
Recipients of maternity grant 1) 55 228 60 188 49 177 47 077
Child benefit, December        
Recipients 586 834 561 534 538 210 535 576
Children 1 063 680 1 014 910 977 024 968 370
Child care allowances 31.12.        
Recipients 84 657 89 701 66 968 62 839
Children 126 963 126 995 80 811 73 508
Child maintenance allowance 31.12.        
Recipients . . 66 384 69 954 68 035
Children 107 962 97 776 101 814 98 551

1) Incl. adoption grant

Recipients of unemployment benefitson 31 December 2020

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Pension recipients

Pension benefit 2000 2010 2020 2021
Old-age pension 869 672 1 093 267 1 397 155 1 407 489
Unemployment pension 54 291 33 938 - -
Disability pension 276 269 267 248 193 629 187 894
Part-time pension 24 533 28 764 291 120
Special pensions for farmers 40 845 24 330 8 409 7 206
Surviving spouse's pension 252 798 263 176 220 395 217 371
Orphan's pension 28 476 22 503 15 994 15 476
Total 1) 1 284 145 1 463 835 1 617 561 1 621 433

1) The same individual may be the beneficiary of more than one type of pension

Total pension distribution among pension recipients on 31 December 2021

People living in Finland who receive an old-age (excl. partial old-age), a disability or a special farmer’s pension

Total pension, €/month Total % Males % Females %
0–   799 48 777 3,2 16 073 2,4 33 704 4,0
800–1 099 283 214 18,8 112 146 16,4 171 068 20,8
1 100–1 399 292 303 19,4 103 512 15,2 188 791 22,9
1 400–1 699 233 676 15,5 91 776 13,5 141 900 17,2
1 700–1 999 196 578 13,1 88 948 13,0 107 630 13,1
2 000–2 299 143 698 9,5 73 773 10,8 69 925 8,5
2 300–2 599 96 078 6,4 54 223 8,0 41 855 5,1
2 600–2 899 63 465 4,2 38 069 5,6 25 396 3,1
2 900–3 199 42 465 2,8 27 124 4,0 15 341 1,9
3 200– 105 797 7,0 76 344 11,2 29 453 3,6
Total 1 506 051 100 681 988 100 824 063 100
Average pension, €/month 1 784   2 006   1 601  

Housing benefits

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Main topic: Health and social protection

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 16 May 2022