Environment and Natural Resources

Contents

Geographical data

Area, km2, 1.1.2022
Area 338 472
Land area 303 948
Fresh water 34 524
Sea water 52 433
Total 390 905
Boundaries, km
Sweden 614
Norway 736
Russia 1 340
Limit of territorial waters 1 250
Total 3 940
Greatest length, km
Hanko–Utsjoki 1 157
Greatest width, km
Närpiö–Ilomantsi 542
Highest point, m
Halti 1 324
Longest river, km
Kemijoki 500
Largest lakes, km2
Saimaa 1 393
Päijänne 1 082
Inarijärvi 1 082
Oulujärvi 912
Pielinen 895
Largest islands, km2
a) Sea
Mainland Åland 689
Kemiönsaari 545
b) Inland waters
Soisalo 1 540

Lakes with an area of 500 m2 or more total about 168 000, of which around 57 000 with an area of over one hectare. Islands with an area of 100 m2 or more total about 187 000.

Sources: National Land Survey of Finland
Finnish Environment Institute

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 21.1.2022

Protected and wilderness areas on 1 January 2021

  Number Area, ha Water, ha Water, %
Protected areas 13 127 2 402 268 445 972 18,6
National parks 40 1 003 531 180 265 18,0
Strict nature reserves 19 154 152 2 843 1,8
Mire reserves 166 476 091 12 010 2,5
Herb-rich forest reserves 46 1 058 11 1,0
Old-growth forest reserves 77 8 603 271 3,2
Other state-owned protected areas 460 366 425 35 935 9,8
Private-owned nature reserves 12 255 356 302 181 588 51,0
Protected areas on Åland 64 36 106 33 049 91,5
Wilderness reserves 12 1 489 141 111 225 7,5

In addition, the Act on the Protection of Rapids protects a total of 53 individual rapids, river portions or catchment areas against power station construction. Corresponding acts have been passed on the protection of the Ounasjoki and Kyrönjoki rivers.

Sources: Ministry of the Environment
Metsähallitus
ÅSUB

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 26.4.2021

National parks and strict nature reserves on 1 January 2021

Content available in Excel format

© Metsähallitus 2021
© National Land Survey of Finland 1/MML/21

Source: Metsähallitus

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 21.6.2021

Weather conditions

Month Mean daily temperature (centigrade) Number of days with precipitation 1)
  Helsinki Sodankylä Helsinki Sodankylä
  1981–2010 2020 1981–2010 2020 1981–2010 2020 1981–2010 2020
January -3,9 3,0 -13,5 -9,4 12 11 9 17
February -4,7 1,4 -12,7 -8,9 8 10 8 9
March -1,3 2,4 -7,5 -5,6 8 10 8 9
April 3,9 5,1 -1,3 -1,8 7 7 6 4
May 10,2 9,6 5,3 5,0 7 8 9 3
June 14,6 17,9 11,6 15,4 8 7 10 6
July 17,8 16,7 14,5 15,0 8 14 11 13
August 16,3 17,1 11,7 13,1 10 11 10 8
September 11,5 13,8 6,2 7,7 10 7 9 12
October 6,6 9,3 0,1 2,6 10 14 9 18
November 1,6 5,6 -7,1 -1,1 12 12 10 10
December -2,0 1,9 -11,7 -5,2 11 15 8 11

oF = 9/5oC + 32
1) Precipitation ≥ 1,0 mm

Source: Finnish Meteorological Institute

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 1.3.2021

Air emissions

  1990 2000 2010 2018 2019 2020
Greenhouse gas emissions, CO2 eq., mil. tonnes 71,2 70,2 75,7 56,2 52,8 48,1
Carbon dioxide 1), mil. tonnes 52,5 52,7 59,1 41,1 38,1 33,8
Sulphur (as SO2), thousand tonnes 250 81 67 33 29 24
Nitrogen oxides (as NO2), thousand tonnes 298 235 179 120 113 99

1) Emissions from combustion of fossil fuels and peat

Source: Statistics Finland, Greenhouse gases

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 17.12.2021

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals

Greenhouse gas emissions and removals

1) Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF).
2) Instant preliminary data.

Source: Statistics Finland, Greenhouse gases

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 9.6.2021

Municipal waste by treatment method

Content available in Excel format

Source: Statistics Finland, Waste statistics

Data in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 12.1.2021

 

Main topic: Environment and Natural Resources

Last updated 21 Jan 2022