Published: 25 September 2014

Greenhouse gas emissions decreased in manufacturing and energy supply in 2012

The fallen industrial production and the lower use of fossil fuels and peat decreased greenhouse gas emissions in Finland in 2012. Besides imported electricity, the use of oil, coal, natural gas and peat was replaced by wood fuels, whose carbon dioxide emissions are not counted in greenhouse gas emissions. In contrast, households' greenhouse gas emissions grew slightly. These data derive from Statistics Finland's statistics on emissions into air by industry, where emissions are calculated according to the industrial classification used in national accounts.

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2011 and 2012, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2011 and 2012, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

Carbon dioxide emissions originating from biofuels grew in almost all industry groups as the use of wood fuels and liquid biofuels increased. Greenhouse gas emissions in transportation and storage went down by nearly 13 per cent mainly as transports decreased, but the increase in liquid biofuels also contributed to this.

In addition to greenhouse gas emissions, the division of air emissions by industry is included in the statistics on many different emission types. In 2012, 39 per cent of nitrogen dioxide was produced by the transportation and storage industry, 17 per cent by energy supply and 16 per cent by manufacturing. Over 50 per cent of carbon monoxide emissions originated from households. Energy supply and manufacturing both produced good 30 per cent of sulphur dioxide emissions, and transportation and storage slightly under 30 per cent.

Emissions into air by industry groups 2012, tonnes

  Greenhouse gases (CO2-foss, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6) CO2-eq. 1) 2) 3) Biomass carbon dioxide (CO2-bio) Sulphur dioxide (SO2) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Ammonia (NH3)
A 01, 03 Agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, hunting 7 303 443 682 216 970 9 550 17 191 33 364
A 02 Forestry 392 519 8 397 2 1 585 16 419 7
B Mining and quarrying 200 477 3 265 188 274 80 0
C 10 - 12 Food industry, etc. 283 192 30 454 620 395 137 0
C 16, 17 Forest industry 3 126 208 18 599 125 5 138 18 109 21 245 32
C 19, 20 Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 4 320 865 94 468 10 114 4 966 1 332 333
C 24, 25 Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products 5 121 099 2 005 5 365 3 893 946 152
C 13 - 15, 18, 21 - 23, 26 - 33 Other industries 1 555 535 15 424 1 147 2 985 256 168
D Energy management 17 759 792 8 868 138 22 032 32 076 13 632 5
E Water supply and waste management 2 439 871 78 255 39 1 030 1 477 152
F Construction 1 899 833 49 714 120 12 055 9 851 99
G Trade 551 589 31 706 144 353 4 801 13
H 49 Land transport 4 446 729 331 504 135 16 795 11 930 728
H 50 Water transport 2 859 164 179 580 18 662 47 475 7 018 8
H 51 Air transport 2 724 123 14 229 674 7 949 8 142 34
H 52, 53 Support activities for transportation, postal activities 121 334 18 860 79 263 12 962 6
L Real estate activities 966 505 2 819 388 1 087 3 756 65 171 11
I - K, M - S Other service activities and administration 1 753 746 195 617 710 5 532 23 037 270
Households 6 060 217 3 578 854 1 147 19 195 228 232 1 355
TOTAL 63 886 242 35 601 199 68 376 188 237 443 859 36 735
1) Greenhouse gases: fossil carbon dioxide (CO2-fos), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbon (HFC), perfluorocarbon (PFC), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
2) Greenhouse gases do not include organic carbon dioxide. In the greenhouse gas inventory, organic carbon dioxide emissions are reported in the land use, land-use change and forestry sector, where the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by forest or other vegetation is also taken into account in the net emissions.
3) CO2 equivalent has been calculated for methane, nitrous oxide and F-gases using GWP multipliers of the IPCC's 2nd assessment report.

The statistics on emissions into air by industry are part of environmental accounts, where the main principle is to describe the interaction between the environment and the economy. In the statistics, emissions are presented according to the industrial classification used in national accounts. In this way, the data on emissions into air can be directly connected to various monetary variables of national accounts, such as total output and value added. Data on emissions into air by industry can also be connected to data on environmental taxes by industry.

The statistics on emissions into air by industry are calculated according to the EU Regulation on environmental accounts. The industrial classification and division used in the statistics differ from the sector division used in the reporting of the greenhouse gas emissions to the UNFCCC. The statistics do not take into consideration the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by forest or other vegetation either.

Differing from the greenhouse gas inventory and greenhouse gas reporting, the statistics on emissions into air by industry also contain Finnish citizens' emissions from land, water and air transport abroad. In turn, emissions by foreign citizens from transport on Finnish territory are subtracted from the emissions into air by industry. The definition of transport corresponds with the methods of national accounts in which households' transport is included in private consumption. Due to definitional differences, the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions by industry is higher than in the Greenhouse Gas Inventory reported to the UNFCCC.


Source: Emissions into air by industry 2012, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Autio 029 551 3406, Jukka Muukkonen 029 551 3224, ymparisto.energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Updated 25.9.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Emissions into air by industry [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-7600. 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 29.11.2021].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tilma/2012/tilma_2012_2014-09-25_tie_001_en.html