Data content

The following data on enterprises and establishments are available. A more detailed description of the register data is available through the link.

In the selection of target groups you can use Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification (TOL 2008) and regional classifications.

Enterprise data

Business ID
Name of the enterprise
Postal address
Municipality of domicile
Sub-regional unit
Region
Telephone and telefax nummer
Industry
Purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry
Number of personnel
Size category of personnel
Size category of turnover
Starting date of the Business ID
Ending date of the Business ID

Legal form
Type of owner
Language
Number of establishments
Importer/exporter data
VAT, employer activity and belonging to the prepayment register
SME classification according to EU definition
Sector classification 2012
LEI code
Startup

Establisment data

Establishment code
Name of the establisment
Location address
Municipality of location
Sub-regional unit of location
Region of location
Telephone and telefax nummer (for some)
Industry
Size category of personnel
Type of establishment

Establishment’s date of starting operation
Establishment’s date of ending operation
Location coordinate of the establisment
Number of the enterprise's personnel in the municipality

Enterprise data

Business ID

The business and organisation code or the Business ID is a code assigned by the Finnish Patent and Registration Office or the Tax Administration to an enterprise and corporation. The code comprises of seven digits, a hyphen and a control number, i.e. it is in the form 1234567-8.

The Business ID identifies the enterprise. However, it is not possible to conclude from the Business ID whether the enterprise has actually been registered in the Tax Administration’s registers and the Trade Register, but the information must always be checked separately from the Business Information System’s enterprise search, the Finnish Patent and Registration Office or the Tax Administration.

Name of the enterprise

In the Business Register, official names are used for legal units and trade names for natural persons. The official name of a legal unit includes an identifier of the company form, such as Limited Company/Ltd or Limited Partnership. Names for enterprises are obtained to the Business Register from the Tax Administration and they are congruent with the names of the enterprises in the Business Information System.

Postal address

The postal address is the address to which an enterprise or a quasi-corporate unit wishes to have its postal items delivered. A postal address is comprised of a street address (name and number of street/road) or a post office box number and a postal code and name of post office.

Municipality of domicile

The municipality of domicile of the enterprise is the domicile defined by the Finnish Patent and Registration Office and the Tax Administration. For legal persons, the domicile is the municipality specified in the memoranda of association and entered in the Trade, Foundation or Association Register, which must be located in Finland. For natural persons, the domicile of the Finnish Patent and Registration Office is the place of business and the municipality of residence according to the Tax Administration’s Population Information System.

Sub-regional unit

The sub-regional unit to which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Region

The region to which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Telephone and fax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008 (TOL 2008). An industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

The main industry of a multi-establishment enterprise is defined according to the value added generated at its establishments engaged in different economic activities. The value added corresponds closely to increase in value. The value added for the industries of an enterprise is obtained by multiplying the number of employees in each establishment by the average value added it creates in its industry and by proportioning the obtained figure to the duration of its activity in the accounting period within the statistical year. The main industry of the enterprise is the industry with the largest value added in the accounting period. The definition of the main industry proceeds in stages from the alphabetical code to the most detailed level of the industrial classification.

Purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry

The purity percentage of the enterprise’s industry describes how many per cent of the turnover of a multi-establishment enterprise is accumulated from the industry recorded as the main industry.

Number of personnel

The personnel includes the work input of both wage and salary earners and self-employed persons measured in staff-years. For example, the work input of a person who has worked full-time throughout the year corresponds to one staff-year. Correspondingly, a person who has worked half-day for a year corresponds to half a staff-year. For enterprises not included in the inquiries, the personnel has been estimated based on data on wages and salaries and background information on enterprises and wage and salary earners.

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1 000–

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–149
7 = 150–199
8 = 200–249
9 = 250–299
10 = 300–399
11 = 400–499
12 = 500–749
13 = 750–999
14 = 1 000–1 249
15 = 1 250–1 499
16 = 1 500–1 999
17 = 2 000–2 499
18 = 2 500–

Size category of turnover EUR

Classification of turnover size (EUR 1):
1 = not yet known
2 = does not conceptually exist
3 = –199 999
4 = 200 000–399 999
5 = 400 000–999 999
6 = 1 000 000–1 999 999
7 = 2 000 000–9 999 999
8 = 10 000 000–19 999 999
9 = 20 000 000–

Size category of turnover EUR

1 = not yet known
2 = does not conceptually exist
3 = 1–99 999
4 = 100 000–199 999
5 = 200 000–399 999
6 = 400 000–999 999
7 = 1 000 000–1 999 999
8 = 2 000 000–4 999 999
9 = 5 000 000–9 999 999
10 = 10 000 000–19 999 999
11 = 20 000 000–49 999 999
12 = 50 000 000–99 999 999
13 = 100 000 000–249 999 999
14 = 250 000 000–499 999 999
15 = 500 000 000–

Starting date of the Business ID

The starting date of the Business ID is obtained from the Tax Administration. The starting date is the starting time of tax control, that is, it corresponds to the time when the enterprise was registered in the preliminary tax withholding register. The starting time is in the form yyyymmdd. Reliable starting from 1982.

Ending date of the Business ID

The ending date of the Business ID is obtained from the Tax Administration. The ending date is the time when tax control was terminated, that is, it corresponds to the time when the enterprise was removed from the preliminary tax withholding register. The starting time is in the form yyyymmdd.

Legal form

Statistics Finland’s classification of legal forms is based on legal forms used by the Tax Administration.

Legal forms:
01 Natural person
10 General partnership
11 Limited partnership
12 Limited company
13 Housing company
14 Shipping company under joint ownership
16 Mutual joint-stock property company
17 Other joint-stock property company (not mutual)
18 Enterprise group
19 Other enterprise
20 Voluntary association
21 Association based on separate legislation
22 Mutual indemnity insurance association
23 Forestry society
24 Cooperative bank
25 Co-operative society
26 Mutual benefit society
27 Unemployment fund
28 Other economic association
29 Other association
30 Foundation (according to the Foundations Act)
31 Savings bank
32 Pension foundation (founded by a charter of foundation)
33 Pension fund
35 Mortgage society
39 Other foundation
40 State and its agencies
41 Municipality
42 Joint municipal board
43 Region of Åland and its agencies
44 Evangelical Lutheran Church
45 Greek Orthodox Church
46 Registered religious community
47 Students' union or association
48 Governmental institution with separate administration
49 Other legal person subject to public law
50 Mutual interest bodies (e.g. fishery collectives)
51 Corporation subject to taxation
52 Body jointly and severally liable for tax withholding
53 Decedent's estate
54 Bankrupt’s estate
55 Jointly owned forest
56 Farm
57 Trade association
59 Other units subject to taxation
60 State-owned company
61 Municipally-owned company
62 Joint local authority company
63 Company owned by the Regional Government of Åland
64 Wellbeing services county
65 Wellbeing services group
70 Non-resident corporation
71 Branch of a non-resident corporation in Finland
91 - 96, 99 Others (e.g. temporary legal form)

Type of owner

A classification based on enterprise ownership and its proportion:
1 = private domestic
2 = state
3 = municipality
4 = region of Åland
5 = foreign-owned *
6 = other owner type
* Enterprises where more than 50 per cent of the equity is in foreign ownership, and subsidiaries of foreign enterprise groups are foreign-owned.

Language

0 = Finnish
1 = Swedish

Number of establishments

Each enterprise has at least one establishment, the largest ones hundreds. An establishment is a unit that is owned by one enterprise, operates in one location and produces mainly one type of goods or services.

Importer/exporter

0 Not engaged in international trade
1 Importer
2 Exporter
3 Importer/exporter

An enterprise is an importer/exporter if the value of its goods imports/exports is (relates to both intra-EU and extra-EU trade):
 a) over EUR 12,000 per year and divided over at least two months, or
 b) over EUR 120,000 per year

VAT, employer activity and belonging to the prepayment register
1 = is on the register
2 = is no longer on the register
3 = has never been on the register

SME classification according to EU definition

The values received by the variable type classification of business activity are:
1 = micro enterprise
2 = small enterprise
3 = medium size enterprise
4 = large enterprise
0 = not specified

The type classification is determined separately for each enterprise based on the number of wage and salary earners and turnover and/or balance sheet total, as well as the group relationship.

Sector classification 2012

The Classification of Sectors is a basic classification applied to economic and social statistics for the classification of the activities, financing modes, owner types and legal forms of decision-making units into equivalent categories. The sectors (non-financial corporations, general government, house-holds, etc.) formed with the help of the classification are sufficiently similar in their economic behav-iour for national economic monitoring and analysis. Further information about the Classification of Sectors can be found in Statistics Finland’s web service on the Classification of Sectors 2012 pages.

LEI code
An LEI (Legal Entity Identifier) is an international organisational code. You will find additional infomation in web-page of PRH.

Startup

Two kinds of information about startup enterprises are available:

  • A startup is an enterprise which employs at least 10 persons at the beginning of the startup period and during the following three years the average growth of the personnel exceeds 10 per cent on the annual level.
  • A startup is an enterprise which employs at least 10 persons at the beginning of the startup period and during the following three years the average growth of the personnel exceeds 20 per cent on the annual level.

Establishment data

Establishment code

The establishment code is a nine-character code identifying the establishment. The code is issued by Statistics Finland. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its establishment code will not change.

Name of the establishment

The name of the establishment is given by the enterprise (often blank).

Location address

Location address is the address that discloses the geographic location of an enterprise’s establishment. The location address is formed of the street address (name and number of the street/road) as well as the postal code and the post office.

Municipality of location

Municipality of location discloses the municipality in which an enterprise’s establishment is geographically located. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Sub-regional unit of location

The sub-regional unit to which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Region of location

The region to which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs. Further information about regional classifications on Statistics Finland’s classifications web pages.

Telephone and fax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008 (TOL 2008). An industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

Size category of personnel

Size classification of personnel:

0 = not known
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1 000–

Size category of personnel

0 = not known
1 = 0–4 persons
2 = 5–9
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–149
7 = 150–199
8 = 200–249
9 = 250–299
10 = 300–399
11 = 400–499
12 = 500–749
13 = 750–999
14 = 1 000–1 249
15 = 1 250–1 499
16 = 1 500–1 999

Type of establishment

The values received by the variable type of establishment are:

1 = actual establishment

2 = ancillary establishment

An actual establishment is a unit that is owned by one enterprise, or a quasi-corporate unit, located on one site and produces goods and services of mainly one particular type. An actual establishment generally has both personnel and turnover.

An ancillary establishment supports the production of the enterprise’s actual establishments. An ancillary establishment can be, for example, a warehouse or a unit producing administrative or transport services. An ancillary establishment may have wage and salary earners but not turnover. The enterprise’s actual establishments cover the ancillary establishment’s operating expenses (internal delivery).

Establishment’s date of starting operation

The date describes the start of the establishment's operation. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its starting time does not change. For multi-establishment enterprises, the starting date of the establishment is usually received through the Business Register's own data collections or through Statistics Finland's data collection for some other set of statistics. For single-establishment enterprises, the starting date of the establishment is usually the same as the starting and ending dates of the legal unit (Business ID). If there are transfers of the establishment (changes of ownership, company restructurings), the starting date may differ from the starting date of the legal unit. The starting time is in the form yyyymmdd.

Establishment’s date of ending operation

The date describes the end of the establishment's operation. For multi-establishment enterprises the ending date of an establishment is usually received through the Business Register's own data collections or through Statistics Finland's data collection for some other set of statistics. For single-establishment enterprises, the ending dates of the establishment are usually the same as the ending dates of the legal unit (Business ID). If there are transfers of the establishment (changes of ownership, company restructurings), the ending date may differ from the ending date of the legal unit. The ending time is in the form yyyymmdd.

Location coordinate of the establishment

In the Register of Enterprises and Establishments the location address of an establishment has map coordinates giving the geographic location of the establishment in coordinate format. The coordinates are in the form EUREF-FIN.

Number of the enterprise's personnel in the municipality

The number of personnel in the municipality is the total number of personnel the enterprise employs in its establishments in the municipality.

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