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Published: 17 December 2014

Four million people paid public broadcasting tax

Income earners paid EUR 28.7 billion in direct taxes and payments in 2013. In nominal terms, taxes grew by 7.2 per cent from 2012. Taxes on capital income increased most, by 21.6 per cent. Four million income earners paid a total of EUR 486 million in public broadcasting tax, which represented 1.7 per cent of direct taxes. On average, EUR 122 was paid in public broadcasting tax.

Income earners’ direct taxes in 1993 to 2013, at 2013 prices

Income earners’ direct taxes in 1993 to 2013, at 2013 prices

Taxes and payments have increased by 38 per cent in real terms from 1993. During the same period, municipal taxes has grown by 71 per cent and its share of direct taxes has grown from 50 to 62 per cent. At the same time, the share of state taxes has gone down from 33 to 27 per cent. The share of taxes on earned income has fallen from 31 to 20 per cent.

In 2013, EUR 17.7 billion were paid in municipal tax, which was 3.9 per cent more than in the previous year. Altogether, 3.8 million income earners paid municipal tax. Income tax paid to the state on earned income amounted to EUR 5.6 billion and on capital income to EUR 2.1 billion. The amount of income tax grew by 6.9 per cent from the previous year. In all, 1.6 million people paid income tax and 917,000 paid capital tax. Income earners paid EUR 1.2 billion in healthcare contributions and EUR 627 million in earned-income contribution payments. Healthcare contributions grew by ten per cent but earned-income contribution payments declined by nine per cent from the previous year.

Taxable income received by income earners totalled EUR 128.3 billion, of which earned income amounted to EUR 120.6 billion and capital income to EUR 7.8 billion. Taxable income grew by 3.2 per cent from the previous year. Capital income grew by nearly 18 per cent, while earned income grew only by good two per cent. There were 4.6 million income earners, of whom 4.5 million received earned income and 1.2 million received capital income.

Of capital income, transfer gains increased most. Income earners received EUR 3.8 billion in transfer gains, which was 52 per cent more than one year earlier. Income earners received EUR 676 million in taxable dividends from listed enterprises, EUR 730 million from unlisted enterprises, and EUR 118 million from international enterprises. The taxable amount of dividends received from listed enterprises decreased by good six per cent, while those from unlisted enterprises increased by ten per cent, and from international enterprises by 17 per cent. EUR 1.4 billion of capital income was rent income, which was 4.4 per cent more than in 2012. Capital income from forestry increased by 18 per cent amounting to EUR 728 billion.

EUR 80.5 billion or 67 per cent of earned income were wage and salary income. Wage and salary income grew by close on one per cent year-on-year. Of earned income, 23 per cent or EUR 27.6 billion were pension income, which was 5.5 per cent more than in 2012. Wage and salary income was received by 2.8 million persons and pension income by 1.6 million. Of other earned income, only daily unemployment allowances and other benefits based on unemployment security grew significantly. Income earners received EUR 4.2 billion in such income, which was 18 per cent more than one year earlier.

Income earners received EUR 2.9 billion in income from business activities, which was two per cent less than in 2012. Income earners received EUR 993 million in income from agriculture, and EUR 1.2 billion from groups. Income from agriculture diminished by 3.5 per cent and income from groups by 2.6 per cent.

The proportion of taxes and payments in taxable income was 22.4 per cent in 2013. In the previous year, this share was 21.5 per cent. Taxes and payments here include taxes on earned income and capital income, municipal taxes, church taxes, sickness insurance contributions and public broadcasting tax. The share of the public broadcasting tax of the tax ratio was 0.4 percentage points. In addition to these taxes, EUR 4.7 billion were levied from wage and salary earners as employees’ employment pension and unemployment insurance contributions. Wage and salary earners' mandatory pensions contributions, including taxes and payments, claimed 26.0 per cent of income in 2013 and 25.2 per cent in 2012.

Source: Taxable incomes 2013, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Timo Matala 029 551 3422,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Updated 17.12.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Taxable incomes [e-publication].
2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 2.3.2024].
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