Concepts and definitions
- Camping vehicle
A camping vehicle is a passenger car or coach designed for a special purpose and equipped with an accommodation compartment with the following firmly attached minimum equipment:
- seats and a table (the table may be easily removable)
- beds that can be convertible from seats (sleeping accommodation must be dimensioned for adults)
- cooking facilities (allowed if firmly attached to accommodation compartment)
- stowage space (adequate for stowing camping equipment, kitchenware, etc.)
Towed vehicle built for touring purposes.
(NB. Data on the Region of Åland are not included as of 1990.)
A vehicle manufactured for the transportation of people. Space for 8 or more persons in addition to the driver.
- Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi
Finnish Transport Safety Agency Trafi provides vehicle information services for private citizens, state authorities and companies. Trafi operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Its key responsibilities are:
- vehicle registration
- vehicle inspection supervision
- administering driver testing
- collecting annual vehicle taxes
- providing information for motor vehicle traffic
- maintaining driver's licence registration
- preparing driver's licences
- Four-wheel vehicle
Four-wheel vehicle (L7e) is a power-driven four-wheeled vehicle with unladen mass of no more than 400 kg when used for passenger transport or no more than 550 kg when used for goods transport, in both cases disregarding the mass of batteries of an electrically-drive vehicle, and maximum engine power output of no more than 15 kW.
- Light four-wheel vehicle
Light four-wheel vehicle (L6e) is a power-driven four-wheeled vehicle with unladen mass of no more than 350 kg disregarding the mass of batteries of an electrically-powered vehicle and with the maximum design speed of 45 km/h. The maximum cylinder capacity of a vehicle of L6e category is 50 cc when driven by a positive ignition engine, or maximum power output of 4kW when driven by an internal combustion engine or by an electric motor.
A vehicle manufactured for the transport of goods. Gross weight in excess of 3,500 kg.
A two or three-wheeled power-driven vehicle with a design speed of no more than 45km/h.
A two-wheeled moped has a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc when driven by an internal combustion engine, or net power output of no more than 4kW when driven by an electric motor. A low power moped is a two-wheeled moped equipped with pedals with a design speed of no more than 25 km/h and net power output of no more than 1kW. A three-wheeled moped has a cylinder capacity of no more than 50 cc when driven by a positive ignition engine, or net power output of no more than 4kW when driven an internal combustion engine or electric motor.
- Motor sledge/sleigh
A motor sledge is an off road vehicle fitted with runners or tracks. A snowmobile is a motor sledge on tracks which has seats for not more than two passengers in addition to the driver and the unladen mass of which does not exceed 500 kg.
- Motor-driven machine
A motorised work machine is a vehicle constructed to operate as a working machine. Motorised work machines include scoop loaders, jib cranes and sweeping machines. A motorised work machine has a design speed of no more than 40 km/h. However, a motorised work machine used in road maintenance may travel at a speed exceeding 40 km/h. A further exclusion are terminal pulltractors which may not travel at a speed exceeding 50 km/h.
A motorcar is a power-driven vehicle with at least four wheels or tracks constructed for carrying persons or goods or performing a specific function and having a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h.
A two-wheeled power-driven vehicle with or without a sidecar. The cylinder capacity of its internal combustion engine is over 50 cc or its design speed is over 45 km/h.
- Passenger car
A vehicle manufactured for the transport of people. Space for no more than 8 persons in addition to the driver.
A semi-trailer is a towed vehicle which is designed to be coupled to a semi-trailer towing vehicle or to a dolly. It imposes a substantial static vertical load on the towing vehicle or on the dolly.
- Three-wheel vehicle
Three-wheel vehicle (L5e) is a power-driven vehicle with the wheels arranged symmetrically in relation to the longitudinal centre axis and eqipped with a power source with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cc in the case of an internal combustion engine or with the maximum design speed exceeding 45 km/h whatever the means of propulsion.
A vehicle specifically designed for agricultural and forestry work to run implements of haul trailers coupled to it. Special forestry machines such as logging tractors or forwarders, or forestry machines built on earthmoving machines are not classified as tractors but as motorised work machines.
A trailer of a motor vehicle is a hauled vehicle constructed for the transportation of goods or for tourism purposes.
A vehicle manufactured for the transportation of goods. Total weight of no more than 3,500 kg.
- Vehicle stock
All road traffic vehicles liable for registration in the vehicle register.
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF):
First registrations of motor vehicles [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-365X. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.1.2017].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/merek/kas_en.html