Appendix table 2. Gini-coefficients for factor income, gross income and disposable income, and redistributive effect of current transfers on income differentials in 1966–2009.

Year Gini-coefficient, % Redistributive effect of current transfers on income differentials
Factor income Gross income Disposable income Current transfers received Current transfers paid Combined effect
1966 38,9 33,4 30,9 14,3 7,5 20,7
1971 38,5 30,9 26,7 19,8 13,4 30,6
1976 35,3 26,3 21,5 25,4 18,2 39,0
1981 35,8 25,2 20,5 29,4 18,7 42,6
1987 38,0 25,1 19,7 33,9 21,5 48,1
1988 38,8 25,8 20,2 33,4 21,8 47,9
1989 39,3 26,1 20,5 33,5 21,7 47,9
1990 38,9 25,6 20,2 34,2 20,8 47,9
1991 39,5 25,1 20,1 36,4 19,8 49,0
1992 42,1 25,2 19,9 40,1 21,1 52,8
1993 45,1 26,2 21,1 41,9 19,5 53,2
1994 45,8 26,1 21,1 42,9 19,3 54,0
1995 45,5 26,6 21,7 41,5 18,4 52,3
1996 45,8 27,3 22,3 40,5 18,2 51,3
1997 46,3 28,4 23,7 38,7 16,3 48,7
1998 46,0 29,2 24,8 36,4 15,3 46,1
1999 46,4 30,1 25,9 35,0 14,1 44,1
2000 46,5 30,8 26,7 33,7 13,3 42,6
2001 45,8 29,9 25,8 34,7 13,7 43,7
2002 45,4 29,7 25,6 34,5 13,7 43,5
2003 45,4 29,6 26,0 34,7 12,4 42,8
2004 46,0 30,2 26,6 34,2 11,8 42,0
2005 45,9 30,6 26,7 33,4 12,7 41,9
2006 46,7 31,4 27,3 32,9 13,1 41,7
2007 46,4 31,9 28,0 31,3 12,1 39,6
2008 45,5 30,7 26,8 32,4 12,8 41,1
2009 45,3 29,7 25,9 34,5 12,8 42,9
  • Due to revisions to income concepts the figures for 1966–1981, 1987–1992 and 1993–20089 are not fully comparable with each other.
  • Current transfers received: Relative change in Gini-coefficient (%) when moving from factor income to gross income.
  • Current transfers paid: Relative change in Gini-coefficient (%) when moving from gross income to disposable income.
  • Combined effect of current transfers: Relative change in Gini-coefficient (%) when moving from factor income to disposable income.
  • Due to changes made to the time series, the Gini coefficients have partly changed from the previous annual publications in the data of the years 1989 and 1993 to 2005.

Source: Income Distribution Statistics 2009, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Hannele Sauli (09) 1734 3497, Kaisa-Mari Okkonen (09) 1734 3408, toimeentulo.tilastokeskus@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala


Updated 20.5.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Income distribution statistics [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-1331. 2009, Appendix table 2. Gini-coefficients for factor income, gross income and disposable income, and redistributive effect of current transfers on income differentials in 1966–2009. . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 3.9.2015].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tjt/2009/tjt_2009_2011-05-20_tau_002_en.html

Share