Published: 11 May 2017

Current expenditure on the regular education system remained nearly unchanged in 2015

According to Statistics Finland, current expenditure on education increased by 0.4 per cent in 2015 compared to the previous year. Current expenditure on education totalled EUR 12.2 billion in 2015. Costs of comprehensive school education made up the biggest share of current expenditure on education. EUR 4.6 billion were used on comprehensive school education in 2015. The shares were next biggest in university education and research, on which EUR 2.3 billion were spent and in vocational education, on which EUR 1.8 were used.

Current expenditure on regular education system by type of expenditure 2015

Type of expenditure           EUR million              % 
Pre-primary education 1) 358 2,9
Comprehensive school education 4 620 37,7
Upper secondary general education 736 6,0
Vocational education 1 810 14,8
Apprenticeship training 151 1,2
University of applied sciences education 906 7,4
University education and research 2) 2 323 19,0
Other education 479 3,9
Financial aid for students 860 7,0
Total 12 244 100,0
1) Pre-primary education for 6-year-old children (pre-school education) in daycare centres and comprehensive schools.
2) Includes universities' external financing for research.

Current expenditure on education relative to GDP was 5.8 per cent in 2015. The share has been falling starting from 2010.

Current expenditure on education and current expenditure per student have decreased in real terms since 2010. Between 2000 and 2015, total current expenditure on education and current expenditure per student were in real terms highest in 2010. Current expenditure was converted to correspond to the price level of 2015 by means of the industry-specific price index of national accounts describing public education expenditure. Real change means that the effect of risen prices has been taken into account.

Real development of current expenditure on education 2000 – 2015

Real development of current expenditure on education 2000 – 2015

There are differences in the expenditure development of various sectors of education. Expenditure on pre-primary education has grown in real terms compared to 2010. Expenditure on comprehensive school education was almost on level with 2010 in 2015. Expenditure on vocational education and apprenticeship training and on university of applied sciences education has fallen most in real terms over the 2010s.

Source: Education. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mika Tuononen 029 551 3504, Vesa Hämäläinen 029 551 2594,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Appendix tables

Updated 11.5.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Educational finances [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0963. 2015. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.10.2017].
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