Published: 30 October 2019

Consumption of hard coal decreased by 24 per cent from January to September

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the consumption of hard coal decreased by 24 per cent in January to September 2019 compared with the corresponding period of last year. The consumption of hard coal as a fuel in the generation of electricity and heat amounted to 1.7 million tonnes, corresponding to 43 petajoules in energy content. In January to March, 45 per cent less hard coal was consumed than on average during this millennium.

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Compared to the average of the past five years, 18 per cent less hard coal was consumed in January to September. The biggest change was seen in the third quarter of the year when the consumption of hard coal decreased by 43 per cent compared to one year ago. Consumption of hard coal decreased in combined heat and power production, in separate electricity production and in the industrial sector. In 2019, the use of hard coal has been completely abandoned in some production plant’s boiler’s.

Hard coal consumption in Finland typically fluctuates seasonally. Some of the fluctuation is explained by the natural variation in the need for electricity and heat between the summer and winter seasons. The difference between statistical reference years is explained by variations in the demand for heating energy and the Nordic water situation, which particularly influences the electricity exchange price and thus the demand for separate production of electricity as well. Therefore, long-term consumption development cannot be deducted from the change in hard coal consumption in successive years.

At the end of September, the stocks of coal amounted to 1.9 million tonnes, which represented a growth of 22 per cent relative to the stocks at the end of June. Compared with one year back, the stocks were seven per cent lower.


Source: Consumption of hard coal, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Aleksi Sandberg 029 551 3326, energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 30.10.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumption of hard coal [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2588. September 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 10.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kivih/2019/09/kivih_2019_09_2019-10-30_tie_001_en.html