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Latest publication: Consumer price index 2014, September

Published: 14 November 2011

Inflation 3.5 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in consumer prices, i.e. inflation, calculated by Statistics Finland was 3.5 per cent in October. In September, it stood at 3.7 per cent.

Inflation indicators in Finland, October 2011

  Point figure      Change on one year Change on one month
Consumer Price Index 2010=100 104,3 3,5 % 0,2 %
Cost-of-living Index 1951:10=100 1 827    
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices 2005=100 114,8 3,2 % 0,2 %
Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes 2005=100 114,1 2,8 % 0,2 %

In October, consumer prices were pushed up most from the previous year by risen prices of housing and food. Housing prices went up especially due to risen prices of energy, interest rates, owner-occupied flats and real estate, as well as rent increases. Food prices, in turn, were pushed up above all by risen prices of non-alcoholic beverages, confectionery and ice cream, meat, and cereal and dairy products. Increases in the prices of automotive fuels, and restaurant and café services also had an impact on inflation. Inflation was held back most in October by fallen prices of consumer electronics from the year before. From September to October, consumer prices rose by 0.2 per cent.

Each mid-month, Statistics Finland interviewers collect altogether around 50,000 prices on 483 commodities from approximately 2,700 outlets for the Consumer Price Index. In addition, some 1,000 items of price data are gathered by centralised collection. Consumer Price Index 2005=100 Handbook for Users can be found on the CPI home page at www.stat.fi. The new Consumer Price Index 2010=100 Handbook for Users will be published later.

According to preliminary data, inflation in the euro area was 3.0 per cent in October

According to the preliminary data on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, the rate of inflation in the euro area was in October unchanged from September, or 3.0 per cent. The corresponding figure for Finland in October was 3.2 per cent.

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices does not include owner-occupancy, games of chance, interests on consumption and other credits, fire insurance on owner-occupied dwellings or vehicle tax. The consumption items included in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices as well as the rules governing its compilation have been defined in EU regulations.

Eurostat’s estimate of inflation in the euro area is based on preliminary data from the Member States and on the price development of energy. Eurostat will publish detailed data on the Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices for October on 16 November. Information of inflation in EU countries is available on Eurostat homepage, eurostat (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat).

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 2.8 per cent in October

The year-on-year change in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices stood at 3.2 per cent in October and that in the Index at Constant Taxes measuring market inflation at 2.8 per cent. Over twelve months, the combined raising impact on consumer prices from changes in commodity tax rates was thus 0.4 percentage points. The month-on-month change in both the Harmonised Index and the Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes was 0.2 per cent in October. There were no changes in tax rates in October.

Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes

The inflation measured by Consumer Price Index consists mainly of products and services priced by enterprises and the public sector, and value added and commodity taxes. Some 25 per cent of the private consumption described by the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) consists of value added or other taxes. The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices at Constant Taxes (HICP-CT) is based on the HICP so the two indices have the same weight structure and price data. HICP-CT is calculated with a method which holds the tax rate constant relative to the reference period. When tax changes take place, the impact of the tax change on commodity prices is eliminated from HICP-CT. The price impact of the tax changes is obtained by comparing the development of the HICP and HICP-CT.


Source: Consumer Price Index, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Juhani Pekkarinen (09) 1734 3476, Mari Ylä-Jarkko (09) 1734 3310, khi@stat.fi

Director in charge: Kari Molnar

Publication in pdf-format (11 pages 374.7 kB)

Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables

Figures

Updated 14.11.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumer price index [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-0254. October 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 20.10.2014].
Access method: http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/khi/2011/10/khi_2011_10_2011-11-14_tie_001_en.html.

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