Published: 16 December 2010
According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, over the January to September period of 2010 total energy consumption amounted to 1,032 petajoule, or 287 TWh, which was 8.8 per cent more than in the corresponding period of the year before. In the first three quarters of the year, the consumption of elec-tricity totalled 63.5 TWh, which was 8.2 per cent more than in the previous year. Energy consumption was put up by the cold weather in the early part of the year and by the recovery of industrial production. The increased use of fossil fuels and peat put carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy up by 15.3 per cent from the previous year. Fuel prices have risen almost to the level of 2008. The prices of domestic fuels have risen more moderately.
Total energy consumption, PJ
Examined by energy source, the consumption of coal grew by most, 26,400 TJ of 25.1 per cent from the year before and the second largest increase of 26,200 TJ, or 14.6 per cent, was recorded in the energy derived from black liquor from forestry. The use of peat also increased considerably, by 20,100 TJ, or 44.9 per cent.
The consumption of electricity went up by most in the metal industry and the forest industry. Domestic production of electricity increased by 12 per cent over the January to September period. Nearly 60 per cent more electricity than in the previous year was also produced for exports to the Nordic market. However, the exports to the Nordic market turned into imports in July-August when imports of electric-ity from Russia were low. Net imports of electricity declined by 11 per cent in all. Growth of electricity production applied especially to condensate power, which grew by 59 per cent from the previous year over the January to September period. Nuclear power generation decreased by 3.6 per cent.
Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)
|Energy source* 5)||1-9 / 2009*||1-9 / 2010*||Yearly change-%*||% from total consumption*|
|Nuclear Energy 2)||181517||174906||-3,6||17|
|Net Imports of Electricity 3)||32595||28994||-11,0||3|
|Hydro and Wind Power 4)||35748||35270||-1,3||3|
|Black liquor and other concentrated liquours||179822||205999||14,6||20|
|Energy total consumption||948748||1032396||8,8||100|
|CO2 emissions from energy sector||37||42||15,3|
Prices have risen more moderately for domestic fuels than for imported fuels. The price of milled peat has fallen due to improved supply. In the third quarter of the year, the prices of peat, and forest proc-essed chips and chippings have fallen by around 3.5 per cent from twelve months back. The price of consumer pellets fell by 1.2 per cent in November.
Over the first three quarters of the year, the consumption of oil went up by 4.3 per cent from twelve months back. The prices of motor gasoline and diesel fuel have been approaching the 2008 peak prices, having gone up by 12 to 15 per cent from last year. The prices of heavy and light fuel oils have risen by most, or by around 30 per cent.
The cold winter, the poor water situation in the Nordic countries and growth in demand raised the mar-ket price of electricity strongly. Over the January to September period, the area price for Finland on the Nordic electricity market has been nearly 50 per cent up, on the average, on the year before. Consumer prices have risen more slowly but gone up by ten per cent or so in the autumn from the respective time period of the previous year. The price of coal has been rising throughout the year but is still lower than towards the end of 2008. The price of natural gas has gone up by approximately 20 per cent and reached the level of late 2008. Change in the value added tax rate partly put consumer prices up from the beginning of July.
Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply, consumption and prices
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Director in charge: Leena Storgårds
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