Dwellings and housing conditions

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://www.stat.fi/til/asas/index_en.html
Main topic: Housing
Related topics: ConstructionPopulation
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): No

Description

The statistics on dwellings and housing conditions are produced annually and describe the existing stock, number of dwellings and housing conditions of household-dwelling units on the last day of the year. The dwelling stock comprises both permanently occupied dwellings and dwellings and flats without permanent occupants. Statistics Finland receives most of the data on dwellings from the population information system of the Population Register Centre, into which municipal building inspection authorities report data concerning buildings and dwellings that are subject to building permits. All persons residing permanently in the same dwelling form a household-dwelling unit. The statistics provide data on the dwelling stock by variables like tenure status, type of building, number of rooms and amenities. Housing conditions are described by variables such as structure and stage in life of household-dwelling unit and age of its members. Statistics on the dwellings and housing conditions can be produced according to all regional divisions based on municipalities and co-ordinates, as well as by postal code area. The statistics on the dwellings and housing conditions constitute total data.

Data content

Statistics Finland receives most of the data on dwellings from the population information system of the Population Register Centre, into which municipal building inspection authorities report data concerning buildings and dwellings that are subject to building permits. Residential homes are generally not included in the dwelling stock. A dwelling refers to a room or a suite of rooms, which is intended for year-round habitation, is furnished with a cooking area and has its own entrance. The dwelling stock can be described by the type of house (detached houses, attached houses, blocks of flats), type of dwelling (one-room, two-room dwelling, etc.), tenure status (rental, owner-occupied dwelling) and by area.

The population for the statistics on household-dwelling units and housing conditions is formed by persons permanently resident in actual dwellings, i.e. the so-called dwelling population. Persons who, according to the Population Information System of the Population Register Centre, are permanently institutionalised, living in residential homes and abroad and homeless people are not included in the dwelling population. Likewise, persons living in buildings classified as residential homes whose living quarters do not meet the definition of dwelling are not included. Household-dwelling units can be described according to the household-dwelling unit's structure, number of persons, stage in life, income and age of members. Housing conditions of household-dwelling units can be described by combining data on dwellings with data on the household-dwelling units living in them, e.g. when describing housing density. Unit-level data must not be disclosed by virtue of the Statistics Act.

Classifications used

The classifications used in the statistics on the dwelling stock are i.a. the classification of buildings, or the classification of buildings by intended use (residential buildings: detached houses, attached houses and blocks of flats), the household-dwelling unit’s stage in life and different regional divisions based on municipalities.

The statistics are produced by regional divisions based on the grouping of municipalities, such as the whole country, province, region, sub-regional unit and municipality. The data can also be produced by postal code area and by regional divisions based on map co-ordinates, such as classifications of municipalities' sub-areas.

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistical data on dwelling and household-dwelling units are mainly compiled from the data of the Population Information System of the Population Register Centre and the Tax Administration's registers.

Updating frequency

The statistics are produced yearly. The data describe the situation on the last day of the year.

Time of completion or release

The basic data, such as building type of the dwelling, occupancy rate, standard of equipment and the structure of the household-dwelling unit, are completed in May, data on the dwelling's tenure status in October and data on stage in life, reference person and income based on income data with a lag of one year in March.

Time series

The data have collected in population censuses in 1950, 1960, 1970, 1975 and 1980. From 1985 to 2007 the data were published annually separately in the statistics on dwelling stock and household-dwelling units and housing conditions. As from 2008 these statistics have been combined into a single set of statistics on dwellings and housing conditions.

Keywords

dwelling density, dwelling stock, dwellings, flats, household-dwelling units, housing, level of housing, living conditions, occupancy rate, owner-occupied dwellings, rented dwellings, right of occupancy dwellings

Contact information

http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/asas/yht_en.html


Last updated 01.06.2016

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