Published: 15 March 2021

Tax revenue decreased by 2.2 per cent in 2020

The accrual of taxes and compulsory social security contributions decreased by 2.2 per cent in 2020 mainly due to reasons related to the corona pandemic. The total accrual amounted to EUR 99.2 billion. The tax ratio fell from the previous year by 0.4 percentage points to 41.8 per cent. The tax ratio describes the ratio of taxes and compulsory social security contributions to gross domestic product. These data are based on the preliminary data on national accounts for 2020.

Taxes and compulsory social security contributions by sector, 2019 - 2020 1)

    2019 2020 1)
S13+S212 Total Million euro 101 443 99 188
Ratio to GDP, % 42,2 41,8
S1311 Central Government Million euro 49 579 46 925
Ratio to GDP, % 20,6 19,8
S1313 Local Government Million euro 23 166 24 487
Ratio to GDP, % 9,6 10,3
S1314 Sosiaaliturvarahastot Million euro 28 295 27 367
Ratio to GDP, % 11,8 11,5
S212 European Union Million euro 403 409
Ratio to GDP, % 0,2 0,2
1) Preliminary data

In addition to the tax rate, we can examine the net tax ratio, which is calculated by deducting income transfers paid by general government from taxes received by general government. In 2020, the net tax ratio was 15.4 per cent of gross domestic product, down by 2.8 percentage points from the previous year. The corona situation contributed to the decrease in the net tax ratio, especially due to the growth in income transfers, but also to the decrease in the accruals of taxes and social security contributions.

The value added tax revenue decreased by 0.9 per cent from the previous year and was EUR 21.8 billion. In the accrual basis of the national accounts, value added tax revenue also includes the 2020 taxes deferred to be paid during the next 1.4 years by means of payment arrangements made due to the corona situation. The revenue from other taxes paid on goods and services decreased by 4.0 per cent, the most significant in euros were the revenue from central government's share of Oy Veikkaus Ab's profit, which decreased by 32.1 per cent and amounted to EUR 746 million, and motor vehicle and motorcycle tax, whose revenue decreased by 19.5 per cent and was EUR 713 million. Similarly to revenue from central government's share of Oy Veikkaus Ab's profit, the revenue from lottery tax fell considerably (by 23.1 per cent) and its revenue was only EUR 170 million. The revenue from energy taxes decreased by 1.0 per cent and the revenue for the year was EUR 4.3 billion. The revenues grew mainly concerning tax on soft drinks (16.1 per cent), pharmacy fee (5.3 per cent), insurance premium tax (3.9 per cent), tobacco tax (3.4 per cent), alcohol tax (2.6 per cent) and vehicle tax (1.6 per cent). Of these, the biggest revenues in euros were EUR 1.5 billion in alcohol tax, EUR 1.2 billion in vehicle tax and EUR 1.1 billion in tobacco tax.

The revenue from income tax paid by households grew by 1.6 per cent from the previous year and amounted to EUR 29.8 billion. A significant contributor to the decrease in tax revenue was corporations' income tax, the revenue from which (EUR 4.8 billion) decreased by 20.3 per cent from the year before. The revenue from taxes on property grew by 2.8 per cent. In 2020, the revenue from inheritance and gift tax was EUR 797 million or 6.4 per cent higher than in 2019. The revenue from asset transfer tax was EUR 822 million and it decreased by 4.1 per cent from one year before.

EUR 235 million collected as contributions to the Single Resolution Fund from credit institutions was recorded as tax revenue for the institutions of the European Union. Customs duties accounted to the EU amounted to EUR 174 million.

In 2020, the tax revenue of central government totalled EUR 46.9 billion, which was 5.4 per cent lower than in the year before. The tax revenue of local government grew by 5.7 per cent and was EUR 24.5 billion. Most of the tax revenue of local government comes from households' income taxes. Due to differences in the progression of municipal and state taxation and increases in municipal tax percentages, households' income tax growth was divided differently between tax recipients. The transfer of 10 percentage points from central government to local government in the distribution share of corporation tax was also significant, which, together with the decrease in the total revenue from corporation tax, had a considerable effect on central government's tax revenue.

The revenue of compulsory social security contributions of social security funds contracted by 3.3 per cent and contributions totalled EUR 27.4 billion. The proportion of taxes and statutory social security contributions in consolidated total general government income was 81.1 per cent in 2020.


Source: National Accounts, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Reija Haapanen 029 551 3592, financial.accounts@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Katri Kaaja

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Updated 15.3.2021

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Taxes and tax-like payments [e-publication].
ISSN=2341-6998. 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 7.5.2021].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/vermak/2020/vermak_2020_2021-03-15_tie_001_en.html