Published: 22 September 2016

Greenhouse gas emissions by Finns decreased in 2014

Greenhouse gas emissions produced by Finnish residents in Finland and abroad amounted to nearly 63 million tonnes in 2014. The emissions decreased by six per cent from the previous year. In energy supply, the use of fossil fuels was replaced with renewable energy and electricity imports, which decreased the greenhouse gas emissions of the industry by 14 per cent. Fine particulate matter emissions also declined by almost one-fifth in the industry. The share of energy supply in greenhouse gas emissions was biggest, close on 26.5 per cent, the share of manufacturing was 23 per cent, that of transportation and storage 17 per cent, and that of agriculture 12 per cent. Households' share of greenhouse gas emissions was nine per cent.

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2013 and 2014, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

Greenhouse gas emissions by industry 2013 and 2014, million tonnes CO2 equivalent

The use of biofuels, particularly renewable diesel, increased in road transport. This is visible as an increase in CO2 emissions from biomass, especially in construction, land transport and services. In construction and land transport, the amount of CO2 emissions from biomass have more than doubled. Correspondingly, greenhouse gas emissions have declined by six per cent in construction and by 12 per cent in land transport. CO2 emissions from biomass are not included in the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions.

In energy supply the use of hard coal, natural gas and oil decreased and was replaced with renewable energy and electricity imports. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions in energy supply declined by 14 per cent and fine particulate matter emissions by 19 per cent.

Emissions into air by industry groups 2014, tonnes

  Greenhouse gases (CO2-foss, CH4, N2O, HFC, PFC, SF6) CO2-eq. CO2 emissions from biomass (CO2-bio) Particles,
< 10 m
(PM 10)
Carbon monoxide (CO) Ammonia (NH3)
Agriculture, fishing and aquaculture, hunting 7 544 004 728 430 2 839 17 497 33 574
Forestry 321 616 7 933 122 6 677 4
Mining and quarrying 422 865 3 734 2 960 1 527 0 1)
Food industry 372 637 29 361 109 229 0
Forest industry 3 174 648 19 721 152 2 456 23 907 22
Oil refining and manufacture of chemicals 4 443 770 119 101 497 1 307 415
Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products 4 996 454 2 605 422 1 705 125
Other industries 1 494 169 83 311 246 334 209
Energy management 16 577 721 10 853 544 1 107 19 178 6
Water supply and waste management 2 203 101 275 959 108 902 504
Construction 1 315 506 100 698 1 114 7 636 53
Trade 894 702 38 817 66 794 7
Land transport 4 206 674 796 596 2 679 7 096 380
Water transport 3 119 405 164 380 2 381 9 517 3
Air transport 3 296 573 23 812 271 8 027 18
Support activities for transportation, postal activities 99 515 17 766 341 583 3
Real estate activities 813 162 2 805 193 5 197 54 395 388
Other service activities and administration 1 700 124 243 151 1 044 26 696 129
Households 5 799 851 3 349 826 10 699 170 345 1 087
TOTAL 62 796 503 39 365 375 34 669 358 360 36 935
1) Magnitude less than half of unit employed.

Statistics Finland's statistics on emissions into air by industry also include sulphur and nitrogen dioxide emissions as well a emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC).

The statistics on emissions into air by industry are calculated according to the EU Regulation on environmental accounts. The industrial classification and division used in the statistics differ from the sector division used in the reporting of the greenhouse gas emissions to the UNFCCC. The statistics do not take into consideration the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by forest or other vegetation either.

Differing from the greenhouse gas inventory and greenhouse gas reporting, the statistics on emissions into air by industry also contain Finnish residents' emissions from land, water and air transport abroad. In turn, emissions by foreign citizens from transport on Finnish territory are subtracted from the emissions into air by industry. The definition of transport corresponds with the methods of national accounts in which households' transport is included in private consumption. Due to definitional differences, the total volume of greenhouse gas emissions by industry is higher than in the Greenhouse Gas Inventory reported to the UNFCCC.


Source: Emissions into air by industry 2014, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Autio 029 551 3406, Juuso Peltola 029 551 2330, ymparisto.energia@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Tables

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Appendix tables


Updated 22.9.2016

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Emissions into air by industry [e-publication].
ISSN=2323-7600. 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 15.12.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tilma/2014/tilma_2014_2016-09-22_tie_001_en.html