Published: 24 April 2013

Finnish enterprises abroad: good 4,600 affiliates in 119 countries in 2011

According to Statistics Finland's data, Finnish enterprises had business activity in 4,617 affiliates located in 119 countries in 2011. Measured by the number of personnel, the activity in affiliates abroad concentrated in Europe and Asia. The personnel abroad totalled over 585,000, of whom one-third were working in EU 15 countries, nearly one-quarter in Asia and Oceania and good one-sixth in EU 27 countries. Examined by country, the numbers of personnel were the highest in Sweden, China, Russia and India. These data derive from data collected from enterprises.

Personnel in affiliates abroad by country group in 2011

Personnel in affiliates abroad by country group in 2011

Finnish affiliates employed the largest numbers of persons in EU 15 countries, altogether good 185,500 persons. In EU 15 countries, the largest industries by the number of personnel were the machinery and metal products industry (36,060 persons), and the paper industry (28,810 persons). Measured by the number of personnel, Finnish affiliates' personnel was the second biggest in Asia and Oceania, numbering nearly 139,600. The industries with the highest numbers of personnel in Asia and Oceania were the electrical and electronics industry (80,500 persons), and the machinery and metal products industry (30,260 persons). In EU 27 countries, the number of personnel was nearly 98,000 and the biggest industries were wholesale and retail trade (16,420 persons), and the electrical and electronics industry (15,820 persons). Of individual countries, the numbers of personnel in affiliates were the highest in Sweden (71,320 persons), China (70,700 persons), Russia (50,970 persons) and India (41,440 persons). The manufacturing industry was the most significant employer in Finnish affiliates abroad. The numbers of personnel were the highest in affiliates of the electrical and electronics industry (156,590 persons), and the machinery and metal products industry (106,450 persons).

Investments by affiliates abroad into their tangible goods amounted to nearly EUR 3.9 billion gross. Sixty-eight per cent of the investments were made in Europe and 18 per cent in Asia and Oceania. In the EU countries, the largest investments were made by the paper industry (EUR 471 million) and in European countries outside the EU by wholesale and retail trade (EUR 104 million). In Asia and Oceania, investments concentrated in the electrical and electronics industry (EUR 234 million) and in information and communication activity (EUR 198 million). Among individual countries, investments totalled most, or EUR 638.3 million, in Sweden. Examined world-wide, affiliates of the paper industry invested the largest total amount of EUR 564.1 million.

The combined total turnover of Finnish affiliates located abroad amounted to good EUR 171.2 billion. The figure describes unconsolidated turnover, in other words it includes, for instance, intra-group trade. Forty-three per cent of the turnover was made in EU 15 countries and 21 per cent in Asia and Oceania. In EU 15 countries, the largest amounts of turnover were generated in wholesale and retail trade (EUR 19.3 billion) and in the paper industry (EUR 15.8 billion). In Asia and Oceania, the industry with the most significant turnover was the electrical and electronic industry (EUR 18,7 billion). Among the industries, the highest turnover world-wide was generated by wholesale and retail trade (EUR 39.8 billion) and by the electrical and electronics industry (EUR 31.6 billion).


Source: Finnish affiliates abroad 2011, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Anna-Maija Paakki 09 1734 3640, tytaryhtiot@stat.fi

Director in charge: Hannele Orjala

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 24.4.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Finnish affiliates abroad [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-4882. 2011. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.1.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/stu/2011/stu_2011_2013-04-24_tie_001_en.html