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Building stock 2020 (Corrected on 3 June 2021)

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2020 there were 1,5 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 505 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 330 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 900 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 3. Building by intended use, 31 December 2020

Classification of Buildings 2018 Buildings 2020 Floor area ,m2 Per cent of floor area (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 536 650 505 285 969 100,0
0110, 0111 One and two-dwelling houses 1 169 903 169 521 401 33,5
0112 Terraced houses 84 022 36 374 762 7,2
012 Blocks of flats 65 479 107 857 851 21,3
013, 014 Residential buildings for communities, Dwellings for special groups 2 604 2 988 982 0,6
03 Commercial buildings 32 030 30 602 871 6,1
04 Office buildings 10 557 20 043 480 4,0
05 Transport and communications buildings 48 200 12 635 402 2,5
06 Buildings for institutional care 6 223 11 220 632 2,2
07 Assembly buildings 14 869 10 988 244 2,2
08 Educational buildings 12 231 22 261 387 4,4
09 Industrial and mining and quarrying buildings 33 657 50 124 201 9,9
10 Energy supply buildings 6 254 2 385 524 0,5
11 Public utility buildings 7 605 1 396 667 0,3
12 Warehouses 35 939 24 636 823 4,9
13 Rescue service buildings 2 382 1 441 348 0,3
19 Other buildings 4 695 806 394 0,2

There were 1,536,650 buildings in Finland at the end of 2020. There are about 86,000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only 6 per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

66 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3,6 million, i.e. 66 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 30,800 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,349,600) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 381 such landmarks in Finland, 283 of them blocks of flat. There were 118 buildings with more than twelve storeys, 83 of them were listed in register as residential buildings.


Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mika Ronkainen 029 551 3425, Anu Rämö 029 551 3450, info@stat.fi

Head of Department in charge: Hannele Orjala


Updated 27.5.2021

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2020, Building stock 2020 (Corrected on 3 June 2021) . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 28.11.2022].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/rakke/2020/rakke_2020_2021-05-27_kat_002_en.html