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Building stock 2019

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2019 there were 1,5 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 495 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 324 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 843 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 62 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 3. Building by intended use, 31 December 2019

  Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 538 172 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1 307 954 85,0
Detached houses 1 163 106 75,6
Attached houses 82 651 5,4
Blocks of flats 62 197 4,0
C-X Other bulldings 230 218 15,0
C Commercial buildings 44 255 2,9
D Office buildings 10 704 0,7
E Traffic buildings 56 550 3,7
F Institutional buildings 9 301 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 14 695 1,0
H Educational buildings 8 945 0,6
J Industrial buildings 47 325 3,1
K Warehouses 33 245 2,2
X Other buildings 5 198 0,3

The building stock grew by 7,700 buildings

There were 1,538,200 buildings in Finland at the end of 2019. The building stock grew by 7,700 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 376,000 or by about 32 per cent, from 1990. There are about 80,500 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only 5 per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

66 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3,6 million, i.e. 66 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 30,200 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,321,000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 355 such landmarks in Finland, 263 of them blocks of flat. There were 112 buildings with more than twelve storeys, 77 of them were listed in register as residential buildings.

Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Anu Rämö 029 551 3450, Arja Tiihonen 029 551 3272,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Updated 27.5.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2019, Building stock 2019 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.1.2023].
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