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Building stock 2011

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2011 there were 1,460,000 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 442 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 307 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 817 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 3. Number of buildings by intended use on 31 Dec. 2011

                 Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 459 705 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1 245 671 85,3
Detached houses 1 111 378 76,1
Attached houses 77 060 5,3
Blocks of flats 57 233 3,9
C-N Other bulldings 214 034 14,7
C Commercial buildings 42 444 2,9
D Office buildings 10 901 0,7
E Traffic buildings 55 402 3,8
F Institutional buildings 8 226 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 13 641 0,9
H Educational buildings 8 866 0,6
J Industrial buildings 41 080 2,8
K Warehouses 27 738 1,9
L,N Other bulldings 5 736 0,4

The building stock grew by 13,600

There were 1,460,000 buildings in Finland at the end of 2011. The building stock grew by 13,600 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 297,000, or by about 26 per cent, from 1990. There are about 77,000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only five per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

67 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3.6 million, i.e. 69 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 26,000 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,107,000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 300 such landmarks in Finland, 200 of them blocks of flat.

Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Marja Hermiö 09 1734 3211, Arja Tiihonen 09 1734 3272, Elina Aspblad-Huohvanainen 09 1734 3232,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Updated 25.5.2012

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2011, Building stock 2011 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 29.1.2023].
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