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New data are no longer produced from the statistics.

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Concepts and definitions


A party for whom punishment is sought in a court of justice on the basis of a suspected offence. The accused person can also be called the defendant.

Case processing time

Case processing time refers to the time elapsed until the case has been decided. The time is counted from the day the case was filed to the day of the decision.

Civil matter

Civil matters are disputes between private persons or enterprises which are settled impartially in a court of justice. Civil matters may deal with compensation for damages, annulment of purchase or validity of contracts. District Courts also decide on undisputed demands for payment and evictions.

Leave to appeal

Permission from the court of final appeal to appeal against the decision of a lower court.

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Decisions by the Supreme Court [e-publication].
Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 31.3.2023].
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