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Published: 28 August 2018

Consumption of hard coal decreased by 5 per cent in January to June

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, the consumption of hard coal decreased by five per cent in January to June 2018 compared with the corresponding period of last year. The consumption of hard coal as a fuel in energy production amounted to around 1.8 million tonnes, corresponding to 45 petajoules in energy content. In January to June, 27 per cent less hard coal was consumed than on average in a corresponding period during this millennium.

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes

Consumption of hard coal, 1,000 tonnes
The data for 2017 and 2018 are preliminary.

The cold weather in the early part of the year raised the consumption of hard coal by nine per cent in the first quarter. However, the hot May was visible as a 41 per cent fall in the consumption of hard coal compared with last year's May. On the whole, the consumption of hard coal fell by 23 per cent in the second quarter from the previous year.

Hard coal consumption in Finland typically fluctuates seasonally. Some of the fluctuation is explained by the natural variation in the need for electricity and heat between the summer and winter seasons. The difference between statistical reference years is explained by variations in the demand for heating energy and the Nordic water situation, which particularly influences the electricity exchange price and thus the consumption of hard coal in separate production of electricity as well. Therefore, long-term consumption development cannot be deducted from the change in hard coal consumption in successive years.

At the end of June 2018, the stocks of coal amounted to 1.7 million tonnes, which represented a growth of five per cent relative to the stocks at the end of March. Compared with one year back, the stocks were 16 per cent lower.

Source: Consumption of hard coal, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Aleksi Sandberg 029 551 3326,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 28.8.2018

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Consumption of hard coal [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2588. June 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 31.1.2023].
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