Official Statistics of Finland

Economy-wide material flow accounts

Producer: Statistics Finland

Latest release:
Domestic material consumption fell by three per cent from the previous year
03 Dec 2020
Altogether 178 million tonnes of natural resources were taken into use in Finland in 2019. The figure was the lowest in the 2010s, over a sixth lower than in 2013 when the figure was at its highest. Compared to the level of 2017 to 2018, the fall was considerably smaller, good one per cent.

Description: Economy-wide material flow accounts describe in units of mass (tonnes) the volume of materials extracted, transferred or transformed from nature. This volume of materials and its ratio to other National Accounts aggregates describes the material dependency of the national economy and the pressures economic activities impose on the environment. The main interest lies in the development of the ratio between GDP and the volume of materials required to generate it. Economy-wide material flow accounts sum up the flows of used materials, such as stone, oil and wood. However, due to the summing up, the total figures of the material flow accounts do not describe direct the weight and nature of the environmental burden caused by economic transactions.
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Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Economy-wide material flow accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-1289. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.10.2021].
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