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Business services

Description of the data collection

The business services inquiry collects information on the production of services. Enterprises are asked about the distribution of enterprises' turnover by product category. In addition, it is requested to specify possible sales to households (private customers) by product category.

The product classification used to distribute turnover is based on the European Union's Classification of Products by Activity (CPA). The classification used in the inquiry covers all goods and services, some at a more accurate and some at a less detailed level.

The data collection is based on Regulation (2019/2152) of the European Parliament and of the Council on European business statistics and on Commission Implementing Regulation (2020/1197).

The data are requested from the enterprises yearly.

From whom are data collected?

The data are inquired from enterprises in the following industries (industry codes in parentheses).

Industries defined in the Regulation:
Information technology services (582, 62, 631)
Legal activities (691)
Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy (692)
Management consultancy activities (702)
Architectural and engineering activities and related technical consultancy (711)
Technical testing and analysis (712)
Advertising (731)
Market research and public opinion polling (732)
Employment activities (78)

Starting from the statistical reference year 2020, data will also be collected due to national data needs concerning the following industries:
Freight transport by road and removal services (494)
Water transport (50)
Air transport (51)
Warehousing and support activities for transportation (52)
Postal and courier activities (53)
Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities (581)
Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities (59)
Programming and broadcasting activities (60)
Other professional, scientific and technical activities (74)

From the statistical reference year 2021 onwards, data are also collected concerning the following industries:
Rental and leasing activities (77)
Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities (79)
Security and investigation activities (80)
Services to buildings and landscape activities (81)
Office administrative, office support and other business support activities (82)
Human health activities (86)
Washing and cleaning services (9601)

In addition, data are inquired from certain enterprises in other industries that have service production.

Depending on the industry, the data are collected from enterprises employing at least five, ten or 20 persons, because in many service industries the limit of 20 employees does not cover enough of the industry's turnover. The data collection covers the largest enterprises by industry and when the number of enterprises permits, also a sample of smaller enterprises. The data collection annually targets about 1,900 enterprises. Depending on the industry, the data are inquired either yearly or every two years.

Enterprises' obligation to provide the data is based on the Statistics Act (280/2004).

What are the data used for?

The collected data are, in addition to the Statistics on service industry commodities, utilised in the compilation of the Producer Price Index for Services and in the national accounts. The data of these statistics are also delivered to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Eurostat.

The data from the data collection are used in the following statistics:

Data processing

The Statistics Act (280/2004) obliges Statistics Finland to treat the data as confidential and use them only for statistical and research purposes.

Changes

From 2021 onwards, the data collection for and statistics on business services will be extended to new industries and services. The significance of services in the economy has grown and the compilation of statistics on the product structures of service industries is expanded to cover new industries to form a better picture of the structures of the economy than at present.

The data content of the data collection also changes. Enterprises are no longer asked about the breakdown of turnover between private and public sector customers or about its breakdown by customers' country of location. Instead, enterprises are requested to specify possible sales to households (private customers) by product category.

How often are data collected?

Annually