Data descriptions

DATA ON ENTERPRISES

Business ID

The Business Identity Code (Business ID) is a code given to businesses and corporations by the authorities and replaces the previously used Trade Register number, the Foundation Register number and the organisation number. The Business Identity Code consists of seven digits, a dash and a control mark, i.e. has the format 1234567-8. The code identifies the business but it is not possible to conclude from it whether the business has actually been registered. This must be checked separately from the registration authorities or the Business Information System website (www.ytj.fi).

Name of the enterprise

The name of the enterprise is in the same form as in the joint business information system of the National Board of Patents and Registration of Finland and the Tax Administration at: www.ytj.fi.

Postal address

The postal address is the address to which post to the enterprise or enterprise-type unit should be sent. The postal address is formed of the street address (name and number of the street/road) or the P.O. Box address and the postal code and the post office.

Municipality of domicile

The municipality of domicile of the enterprise is the domicile defined by the National Board of Patents and Registration and the Tax Administration. For legal persons the domicile is specified in the memoranda of association and the municipality entered in the Trade, Foundation or Association Register that must be located in Finland. The domicile of natural persons is indicated in the Population Information System.

Sub-regional unit

The sub-regional unit which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs to.
Further information about regional classifications is available from the publication Municipalities and Regional Divisions Based on Municipalities 2009 (Helsinki: Statistics Finland, 2009) or from the website of Statistics Finland's Classification Services at stat.fi/luokitukset.

Region and province

The region and province which the enterprise's municipality of domicile belongs to.
Further information about regional classifications is available from the publication Municipalities and Regional Divisions Based on Municipalities 2009 (Helsinki: Statistics Finland, 2009) or from the website of Statistics Finland's Classification Services at stat.fi/luokitukset.

Telephone and telefax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008. Industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

The main industry of a multiple-establishment enterprise is determined by the value added produced in the enterprise's establishments engaged in different industries. The value added is closely equivalent to increase in value. The value added of each of the enterprise's industries is obtained by multiplying the number of persons employed in each establishment by the average value added of the industry in question and by proportioning the obtained figure to the time the establishment has operated in the accounting period of the reference year. The main industry of the enterprise is the industry with the largest value added in the accounting period. The definition of the main industry proceeds in stages from section (alphabetical code) to the most detailed level.

Number of personnel

The personnel comprise employees and self-employed persons. The personnel are converted into full-year employees so that one half-day employee corresponds to half a person and two half-day employees to one full-year employee. Personnel for enterprises not included in the inquiries of the Register of Enterprises and Establishments are estimated from wages and salaries.

Size category of personnel

Classification of personnel size:
0 = Unknown
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1,000–

Size category of turnover

Classification of turnover size (€1):
1 = Unknown
2 = Not applicable
3 = 1–199,999
4 = 200,000–399,999
5 = 400,000–999,999
6 = 1,000,000–1,999,999
7 = 2,000,000–9,999,999
8 = 10,000,000–19,999,999
9 = 20,000,000–

Start of opertation

The start of the enterprise's operation is the start of tax control. The starting date is in the form yyyymmdd.

Legal form

Statistics Finland’s classification of legal forms is based on legal forms used by the Tax Administration.

Legal forms:
01 Natural person
10 General partnership
11 Limited partnership
12 Limited company
13 Housing company
14 Shipping company under joint ownership
16 Mutual joint-stock property company
17 Other joint-stock property company (not mutual)
18 Enterprise group
19 Other enterprise
20 Voluntary association
21 Association based on separate legislation
22 Mutual indemnity insurance association
23 Forestry society
24 Cooperative bank
25 Co-operative society
26 Mutual benefit society
27 Unemployment fund
28 Other economic association
29 Other association
30 Foundation (according to the Foundations Act)
31 Savings bank
32 Pension foundation (founded by a charter of foundation)
33 Pension fund
35 Mortgage society
39 Other foundation
40 State and its agencies
60 State-owned company
41 Municipality
61 Municipally-owned company
42 Joint municipal board
62 Joint local authority company
43 Region of Åland and its agencies
63 Company owned by the Regional Government of Åland
44 Evangelical Lutheran Church
45 Greek Orthodox Church
46 Registered religious community
47 Students' union or association
48 Governmental institution with separate administration
49 Other legal person subject to public law
50 Mutual interest bodies (e.g. fishery collectives)
51 Corporation subject to taxation
52 Body jointly and severally liable for tax withholding
53 Decedent's estate
54 Bankrupt’s estate
55 Jointly owned forest
56 Farm
57 Trade association
59 Other units subject to taxation
70 Non-resident corporation
71 Non-resident corporation or a branch of a non-resident corporation in Finland
91 - 96, 99 Others (e.g. temporary legal form)

Type of owner

A classification based on enterprise ownership and its proportion:
1 = Private domestic
2 = State
3 = Municipality
4 = Region of Åland
5 = Foreign-owned*
6 = Other owner type

* Enterprises where more than 50 per cent of the equity is in foreign ownership, and subsidiaries of foreign enterprise groups are foreign-owned.

Language

0 = Finnish
1 = Swedish

Number of establishments

Each enterprise has at least one establishment, the largest ones hundreds. The establishment is a unit that is owned by one enterprise, operates in one location and produces mainly one type of goods or services.

Importer/exporter

1 Importer
2 Exporter
3 Importer/exporter

An enterprise is an importer/exporter if the value of its imports/exports is
a) over EUR 12,000 per year and divided to at least two months, or
b) over EUR 120,000 per year

SME classification according to EU definition

1 = Micro
2 = Small
3 = Medium
4 = Large
0 =  n/a

DATA ON ESTABLISHMENTS

Establishment code

The establishment code is nine-character code identifying the establishment. The code is given by Statistics Finland. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its establishment code will not change.

Name

The name of the establishment is given by the enterprise (often blank).

Location address

The location address is the address where the establishment is physically located. The location address is formed of the street address (name and number of the street/road) and the postal code and the post office.

Municipality of location

The municipality of location is the municipality where the establishment is located.

Sub-regional area of location

The sub-regional unit which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs to. Further information about regional classifications is available from the publication Municipalities and Regional Divisions Based on Municipalities 2009 (Helsinki: Statistics Finland, 2009) or from the website of Statistics Finland's Classification Services at stat.fi/luokitukset.

Region and province of location

The region and province which the enterprise's municipality of location belongs to.

Further information about regional classifications is available from the publication Municipalities and Regional Divisions Based on Municipalities 2009 (Helsinki: Statistics Finland, 2009) or from the website of Statistics Finland's Classification Services at stat.fi/luokitukset.

Telephone and telefax number

The number contains an area dialling code and the subscriber's telephone number. The area dialling code has no more than four digits and the telephone number has at least four digits.

Industry

The industry of the enterprise is defined in accordance with Statistics Finland's Standard Industrial Classification 2008. Industry is defined independently for all enterprises and establishments proper at the most detailed level of the industrial classification. The industry of an ancillary establishment is generally the same as the enterprise's main industry.

Size category of personnel

Classification of personnel size:
0 = Unknown
1 = –4 persons
2 = 5–9 persons
3 = 10–19
4 = 20–49
5 = 50–99
6 = 100–249
7 = 250–499
8 = 500–999
9 = 1,000–

Start of operation

The starting date of the establishment's operation. If the establishment and its activities are transferred from one enterprise to another, its starting date will not change. The starting date is in the form yyyymmdd.

Location coordinates of the establishment

In the Register of Enterprises and Establishments the location address of an establishment has map coordinates giving the geographic location of the establishment in coordinate format. The coordinates are in the form EUREF-FIN.

Number of enterprise's personnel in municipality

The number of personnel in the municipality is the total number of personnel the enterprise employs in its establishments in the municipality.