Housing

Buildings and free-time residences

  1980 1990 2000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  1 000
Residential buildings 840 1 005 1 111 1 235 1 246 1 258 1 266 1 278
  Detached houses 773 908 993 1 102 1 111 1 122 1 128 1 139
  Attached houses 23 53 66 76 77 78 79 79
  Blocks of flats 44 45 52 57 57 58 58 59
Other buildings 92 158 189 211 214 217 218 220
Free-time residences 252 368 451 489 493 496 499 500
Saunas 1) 548 932 1 212 1 502 1 529 1 555 1 581 1 591

1) Only saunas in flats. The total number of saunas was estimated to be over 2 000 000 at the end of 2014.

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 17.12.2015

Household-dwelling units by type and size

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

Building type Household-dwelling units 
  1990 % 2000 % 2010 % 2014 %
All buildings 2 036 732 100 2 295 386 100 2 537 197 100 2 617 780 100
Single-family residences 1 118 210 54,9 1 242 399 54,1 1 380 773 54,4 1 410 319 53,9
  detached 862 194 42,3 930 180 40,5 1 029 365 40,6 1 050 423 40,1
  attached and
  semi-detached
256 016 12,6 312 219 13,6 351 408 13,9 359 896 13,7
Blocks of flats 853 132 41,9 991 845 43,2 1 105 443 43,6 1 160 447 44,3
Other buildings (incl. unknown) 65 390 3,2 61 142 2,7 50 981 2,0 47 014 1,8
Size of household-dwelling unit
1 person 646 229 31,7 856 746 37,3 1 040 378 41,0 1 098 023 41,9
2 persons 597 928 29,4 722 437 31,5 837 234 33,0 869 454 33,2
3 persons 332 295 16,3 312 646 13,6 290 767 11,5 286 621 10,9
4 persons 300 429 14,8 254 707 11,1 238 135 9,4 235 790 9,0
5 persons 112 714 5,5 103 339 4,5 90 845 3,6 88 521 3,4
6+ persons 47 137 2,3 45 511 2,0 39 838 1,6 39 371 1,5

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 17.12.2015

Dwellings by tenure status of dwelling, %

  1990 2000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Owner-occupied dwelling 66,8 58,1 59,2 59,0 58,7 58,4 58,2
Rented dwelling 21,6 1) 30,8 1) 29,3 1) 29,1 1) 29,1 1) 28,9 1) 2)  31,0
Right of occupancy dwelling . . 1,0 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,4 1,4
Other form of tenure or unknown 8,4 10,1 10,3 10,6 10,9 11,4 9,4

1) Includes also official residences and employer-provided dwellings
2) From 2014 onwards also including empty dwellings in buildings inferred as rental buildings

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 10.2.2016

Dwellings

  Unit 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2014
Dwellings  1 000 1 211 1 463 1 838 2 210 2 512 2 808 2 918
Floor area per dwelling  m2 51,0 60,0 69,0 74,4 76,5 79,5 80,0
Floor area per person m2 14,3 18,9 26,3 31,4 35,3 39,1 39,9
Overcrowding 1), % of dwelling population % . .  . . 31,0 30,5 23,7 17,9 17,5

1) More than one person per room, excl. kitchen

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 17.12.2015

Prices of dwellings 1)

  Old blocks of flats New blocks of flats
  Helsinki region Rest of Finland Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  Average unencumbered prices per m2, €
2010 3 262 1 592 4 346 2 853
2011 3 402 1 616 4 554 2 960
2012 3 511 1 644 5 003 3 140
2013 3 650 1 673 4 974 3 215
2014 3 684 1 689 5 102 3 373
2015 3 721 1 692 5 122 3 403

1) Data on old dwellings based on the Tax Administration's data, data on new dwellings based on the largest real estate agents and building contractors.

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 29.4.2016

Dwellings in old blocks of flats: real price indices

  Helsinki region Rest of Finland
  1983 = 100
1992 84,2 104,0
1993 79,6 92,5
1994 87,2 95,2
1995 79,8 92,4
1996 85,2 97,2
1997 104,2 111,4
1998 114,4 119,6
1999 126,6 126,4
2000 133,8 127,3
2001 128,9 122,2
2002 140,7 127,6
2003 147,6 134,5
2004 156,3 145,2
2005 164,1 153,1
2006 176,8 161,3
2007 184,2 164,5
2008 179,1 159,1
2009 180,8 160,0
2010 198,6 169,1
2011 199,8 166,9
2012 199,9 165,0
2013 204,8 165,0
2014 203,7 161,9
2015* 204,7 161,1

* preliminary data

Source: Statistics Finland, Dwellings and housing conditions 

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 29.4.2016

Prices of real estate

  Detached houses Plots for detached houses
  Average price Nominal price index Real price index Average price Nominal price index Real price index
  €/m2 2005 = 100 €/m2 2005 = 100
2005 1 214 100,0 100,0 10,6 100,0 100,0
2006 1 309 107,8 106,1 12,1 115,2 113,4
2007 1 384 114,3 109,8 12,8 123,5 118,6
2008 1 379 115,4 106,5 13,3 129,6 119,6
2009 1 385 112,7 104,0 14,1 124,9 115,3
2010 1 474 121,8 111,1 16,7 140,7 128,3
2011 1 508 125,2 110,3 18,0 136,7 120,4
2012 1 526 124,9 107,1 19,6 140,9 120,8
2013 1 519 123,0 103,9 21,5 145,1 122,6
2014 1 505 120,9 101,1 23,3 151,1 126,3
2015 1 554 121,3 101,6 23,2 139,7 117,1

Source: Statistics Finland, Real estate prices

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 14.3.2016

Average rents of rented dwellings

  Government-subsidised dwellings Non-subsidised dwellings All rented dwellings
  €/m2/month  
1990 3,91 4,33 4,14
2000 6,39 7,67 7,10
2001 6,64 7,99 7,42
2002 6,92 8,21 7,66
2003 7,16 8,50 7,94
2004 7,37 8,60 8,07
2005 7,54 8,81 8,27
2006 7,68 8,93 8,37
2007 7,96 9,35 8,72
2008 8,38 9,73 9,04
2009 8,93 10,07 9,48
2010 9,28 10,40 9,86
2011 9,90 11,54 10,79
2012 10,25 11,98 11,19
2013 10,64 12,43 11,61
2014 10,96 12,84 11,98
2015 11,21 13,30 12,34

Source: Statistics Finland, Rents of dwellings

Table in Excel format (xlsx)

Updated: 14.3.2016

 

Main topic: Housing

Share