Business enterprise R&D expenditure by industry in 2001-2003

Industry 2001 2002 2003
 € million    %   € million    %   € million    % 
Business enterprises total 3,284.0 100.0 3,375.1 100.0 3,527.9 100.0
Manufacturing total 2,601.6 79.2 2,617.1 77.5 2,800.2 79.4
   Food industry (SIC 15-16) 60.4 1.8 49.5 1.5 46.3 1.3
   Textile, clothing and leather industry (SIC 17-19) 14.7 0.4 11.1 0.3 10.8 0.3
   Wood processing industry (SIC 20-21) 92.9 2.8 97.2 2.9 94.8 2.7
   Chemical industry (SIC 23-25) 288.0 8.8 321.6 9.5 285.9 8.1
   Metal and mechanical industry (SIC 27-29,34-35) 400.3 12.2 367.0 10.9 355.4 10.1
   Electronics industry (SIC 30-33) 1,700.6 51.8 1,732.1 51.3 1,963.5 55.7
   Other manufacturing 44.7 1.4 38.7 1.1 43.5 1.2
Electricity, gas and water supply (SIC 40-41) 28.9 0.9 14.4 0.4 7.9 0.2
Construction (SIC 45) 24.5 0.7 39.9 1.2 41.2 1.2
Wholesale and commission trade (SIC 51) 53.4 1.6 75.9 2.3 61.7 1.7
Transport, storage and communication (SIC 60-64) 132.6 4.0 114.1 3.4 85.2 2.4
Computer and related activities (SIC 72) 189.2 5.8 229.0 6.8 235.0 6.7
Research and development (SIC 73) 125.0 3.8 175.7 5.2 150.7 4.3
Other business activities (SIC 74) 112.0 3.4 89.7 2.7 128.1 3.6
Other industries 16.8 0.5 19.2 0.6 17.9 0.5

* Estimate based on survey response and other calculations


Last updated 30.1.2006

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Research and development [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-6721. 2003, Business enterprise R&D expenditure by industry in 2001-2003 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 18.11.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/tkke/2003/tkke_2003_2006-01-30_tau_005_en.html