Published: 9 June 2011

Finnish enterprises around the world: nearly 5,000 affiliates in 120 countries in 2009

Finnish enterprises had business activity in affiliates located in 120 countries in 2009. Measured by the number of personnel, the activity in affiliates abroad concentrated in Europe and Asia. The personnel abroad totalled over 566,000, of whom good one-third worked in old EU countries, one-fifth in Asia and Oceania and one-fifth in new EU countries. Examined by country, the numbers of personnel were the highest in Sweden, Russia, China and Germany. These data were produced by Statistics Finland, and they are based on an inquiry of enterprises.

Personnel in affiliates abroad by country group in 2009

Personnel in affiliates abroad by country group in 2009

Finnish affiliates employed the largest number of persons in old EU countries, where their total number was over 199,000. Measured by the number of personnel the largest industries in the old EU countries were the machinery and metal products industry (40,790 persons) and the paper industry (30,750 persons). In Asia and Oceania, foreign affiliates employed good 109,800 persons, i.e. slightly more than in the new EU countries where they employed nearly 106,300 persons. The industries with the highest numbers of personnel in Asia and Oceania were the electrical and electronics industry (56,530 persons) and the machinery and metal products industry (27,890 persons). In the new EU countries, affiliates employed the highest numbers of personnel in wholesale and retail trade (17,530 persons) and in the electrical and electronics industry (15,720 persons). Of individual countries, the numbers of personnel in affiliates were the highest in Sweden (75,580 persons), Russia (52,660 persons), China (50,050 persons) and Germany (43,360 persons). Examined world-wide, the numbers of personnel were the highest in affiliates of the electrical and electronics industry (120,380 persons) and the machinery and metal products industry (116,120 persons).

Investments by affiliates abroad into their tangible goods amounted to good EUR 3.7 billion gross. Seventy per cent of the investments were made in Europe and 25 per cent in Asia and Oceania. In the EU countries, the largest investments were made by the paper industry (EUR 444 million) and in European countries outside the EU by wholesale and retail trade (EUR 105 million). In Asia and Oceania, investments concentrated in information and communication activity (EUR 197 million) and the electrical and electronics industry (EUR 178 million). Among individual countries, investments totalled most, or EUR 451 million, in Sweden. Examined world-wide, affiliates of the machinery and metal products industry invested the largest total amount of EUR 504 million.

The combined total turnover of affiliates located abroad amounted to good EUR 163.6 billion. The figure describes unconsolidated turnover, in other words it includes, for instance, intra-group trade. Nearly one half of the turnover was generated in the old EU countries and good one-third in Asia and Oceania. In the old EU countries the largest amounts of turnover were generated by wholesale and retail trade (EUR 17.1 billion) and the paper industry (EUR 13.5 billion), in Asia and Oceania by the electrical and electronics industry (EUR 19.9 billion). Examined by country, the highest amounts of turnover were generated in Sweden (EUR 27.3 billion). Among the industries, the highest turnover world-wide was generated by the electrical and electronics industry (EUR 35.9 billion) and the machinery and metal products industry (EUR 57.0 billion).


Source: Finnish affiliates abroad 2009, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mari Rantanen (09) 1734 2451, tytaryhtiot@stat.fi

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Tables

Tables in databases

Appendix tables


Updated 9.6.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Finnish affiliates abroad [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-4882. 2009. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 25.5.2019].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/stu/2009/stu_2009_2011-06-09_tie_001_en.html