Published: 26 April 2013

Immigration clearly up on the previous year

According to Statistics Finland, 31,280 persons immigrated to Finland from foreign countries during 2012. The number is 1,800 higher than in the previous year and the highest during Finland's independence. Emigration from Finland also increased slightly and was 13,850 persons. During 2012, net immigration totalled 17,430 persons, which is 610 up on the year before. Net immigration by foreign citizens increased clearly, or by 2,030 persons.

Migration between Finland and other EU countries 1991–2012

Migration between Finland and other EU countries 1991–2012

Last year, 16,340 persons immigrated to Finland from the EU countries. Immigration from the EU countries was 1,420 persons higher than in the previous year. Emigration from Finland to the EU countries increased by 290 persons, amounting to 8,710 persons. In 2012, Finland had a migration gain of 7,630 persons from the EU countries. Finland’s migration gain from the EU countries was clearly up on the previous year.

The number of intermunicipal migrations was 275,970 in 2012, which is 390 less than in 2011. The number of migrations between regions was 125,630 and it fell by 860. Migration inside regions increased by 470. In 2012, intramunicipal migrations numbered 593,850, which is 5,470 fewer than in 2011.

When looking at migration inside the country, the region of Uusimaa had the largest and the region of Pirkanmaa the second largest migration gain. In Uusimaa, the gain amounted to 3,120 and in Pirkanmaa to 1,640 persons. Migration gain relative to the population in Mainland Finland was the largest in Pirkanmaa where it was three per mille. Åland had a slightly higher migration gain relative to the population than Pirkanmaa. The region having suffered the largest population loss in migration inside the country was Lapland, where the migration loss was 830 persons. Kainuu had the largest relative migration loss of seven per mille. Relative migration loss was the second largest in Lapland. Fourteen regions suffered migration loss in intramunicipal migration.

No region suffered migration loss in migration between foreign countries. The number of regions with migration loss drops clearly when net international migration is taken into consideration. The sum of net immigration and net emigration was negative in only three regions.

Internal migration and in- and out-migration 2000–2012

Year 1) Type of migration
Intermunicipal Intramunicipal Immigration  Emigration  Net migration
2000 238 729 548 995 16 895 14 311 2 584
2001 259 268 599 330 18 955 13 153 5 802
2002 251 694 582 576 18 113 12 891 5 222
2003 250 739 598 352 17 838 12 083 5 755
2004 260 179 604 472 20 333 13 656 6 677
2005 269 439 622 530 21 355 12 369 8 986
2006 266 990 598 576 22 451 12 107 10 344
2007 273 798 594 472 26 029 12 443 13 586
2008 263 792 566 281 29 114 13 657 15 457
2009 258 897 576 366 26 699 12 151 14 548
2010 265 929 573 756 25 636 11 905 13 731
2011 276 362 599 315 29 481 12 660 16 821
2012 275 967 593 846 31 278 13 845 17 433
1) The regional division in all years is the one valid on 1 January 2013.

Source: Population and Cause of Death Statistics. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Matti Saari 09 1734 3401, vaesto.tilasto@stat.fi

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Updated 26.4.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Migration [e-publication].
ISSN=1797-6782. 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.10.2018].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/muutl/2012/muutl_2012_2013-04-26_tie_001_en.html