Official Statistics of Finland

Economy-wide material flow accounts

Producer: Statistics Finland

Latest release:
Mining and quarrying boosted the material flow
16 Nov 2017
In 2016, altogether 317 million tonnes of materials were extracted from the soil and vegetation of Finland, which is 34 million tonnes more than in 2015. The growth in the material flow was based on the increased excavation volume in mining and quarrying and growth in unused extraction. The use of domestic direct inputs remained almost at the same level as in 2015. In addition, some 57 million tonnes of products and raw materials were imported to Finland in 2016, which generated an estimated 211 million tonnes of hidden flows for the production countries. All in all, the Finnish total material requirement was 585 million tonnes in 2016, which was 8.5 per cent more than in the previous year.

Next release:
15 Nov 2018

Description: Economy-wide material flow accounts describe in units of mass (tonnes) the volume of materials extracted, transferred or transformed from nature. This volume of materials and its ratio to other National Accounts aggregates describes the material dependency of the national economy and the pressures economic activities impose on the environment. The main interest lies in the development of the ratio between GDP and the volume of materials required to generate it. Economy-wide material flow accounts sum up the flows of used materials, such as stone, oil and wood. However, due to the summing up, the total figures of the material flow accounts do not describe direct the weight and nature of the environmental burden caused by economic transactions.
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Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Economy-wide material flow accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-1289. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 21.5.2018].
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