Official Statistics of Finland

Economy-wide material flow accounts

Producer: Statistics Finland

Latest release:
Need for material decreases slowly
17 Nov 2016
In 2015, altogether 277 million tonnes of material was extracted from the soil and vegetation of Finland. Forty-four per cent of this material was used domestically and 15 per cent was exported. The rest, or good one-third, was left unused in nature. In addition, some 54 million tonnes of products and raw materials were imported, which generated an estimated 208 million tonnes in hidden flows for the production countries. All in all, Finns material extraction in 2015 amounted to 540 million tonnes. The amount is roughly the same as annual oil production in Russia. Changes compared to 2014 were minor apart from ore extraction, which is on the rise again.

Next release:
16 Nov 2017

Description: Economy-wide material flow accounts describe in units of mass (tonnes) the volume of materials extracted, transferred or transformed from nature. This volume of materials and its ratio to other National Accounts aggregates describes the material dependency of the national economy and the pressures economic activities impose on the environment. The main interest lies in the development of the ratio between GDP and the volume of materials required to generate it. Economy-wide material flow accounts sum up the flows of used materials, such as stone, oil and wood. However, due to the summing up, the total figures of the material flow accounts do not describe direct the weight and nature of the environmental burden caused by economic transactions.
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Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Economy-wide material flow accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-1289. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 23.10.2017].
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