Published: 14 November 2019

Domestic material consumption 191 million tonnes in 2018

Domestic material consumption remained unchanged at 191 million tonnes. The use of wood increased by five million tonnes amounting to 49 million tonnes in 2018.

The use of domestic direct inputs remained unchanged at 180 million tonnes in 2018. Use of domestic direct inputs refers to the use of domestic natural resources, including materials extracted from nature for further processing.

When imports are added to and exports subtracted from domestic direct inputs, the result is domestic material consumption (DMC indicator). Compared to the previous year, both imports and exports grew by four million tonnes, thus, domestic material consumption remained unchanged at 191 million tonnes.

Domestic material consumption 2007–2018

Million tonnes 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Domestic direct inputs 195 196 169 187 186 185 215 170 167 172 180 180
Foreign direct inputs 64 69 53 60 62 56 58 57 53 57 56 60
Exports 44 42 35 42 44 44 45 45 42 44 45 49
Domestic material consumption 214 222 186 204 203 197 229 183 179 185 191 191

The use of wood increased by five million tonnes amounting to 49 million tonnes in 2018. In 2018, altogether 20 per cent of used direct inputs were wood. Sixty-one million tonnes of minerals and 84 million tonnes of soil materials were used. Direct inputs include domestic direct inputs and imports.

Use of direct inputs by material group 2007 to 2018, million tonnes

Use of direct inputs by material group 2007 to 2018, million tonnes

In 2018, altogether 642 million tonnes of natural resources were used, which was close on five per cent more than in 2017. Total usage of natural resources includes unused extractions in forestry and mining and quarrying as well as hidden flows of imports. Unused extractions amounted to 165 million tonnes and hidden flows from imported products to 237 million tonnes in total.


Source: Economy-wide material flow accounts 2018, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Lesonen 029 551 3406, environmental.accounts@stat.fi

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Updated 14.11.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Economy-wide material flow accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-1289. 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 6.6.2020].
Access method: http://www.stat.fi/til/kanma/2018/kanma_2018_2019-11-14_tie_001_en.html