Labour cost survey

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://
Main topic: Wages, Salaries and Labour Costs
Related topics: Labour Market
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): Yes


The labour cost survey describes the level and structure of labour costs at intervals of a fixed number of years.

Labour costs refer to the costs incurred by employers from the employment of labour force. Besides wages and salaries, labour costs comprise employer’s social contributions and certain other cost items, such as those arising from occupational health care, recruitment and personnel training.

Data content

The level of labour costs is measured with costs per an hour worked while the structure of labour costs is described as proportions of labour costs items of total labour costs and as ratios of labour cost items to total wages and salaries and wages and salaries for hours worked. The data for the private sector are presented by industry at the two-digit level. A summary of sectors inclusive of the local and central government sectors is also presented.

Classifications used

Standard Industrial Classification

Data collection methods and data sources

Most of the data are collected with an inquiry survey conducted in the private and local government sectors every four years. Administrative registers are also exploited for some data on e.g. social security contributions. The Department of Public Personnel Management conducts its own study in the central government sector.

Data collections

Updating frequency

The labour cost survey is conducted every four years as part of the EU's survey programme.

Time of completion or release

Data from the survey are completed approximately 18 months after the end of the survey year.

Time series

Data are available from 1996, 2000 and 2004.


costs, industries, labour costs, private sector , public sector, social security contributions, wages and salaries

Contact information

Additional information

The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy compiled statistics on labour costs from the late 1940s up to 1992 at four to five year intervals, mainly relating to member enterprises of employer organisations in the manufacturing industries. Statistics Finland has conducted labour cost surveys in the local government sector and the Department of Public Personnel Management in the central government sector in 1990, 1996 and 2000.

As of 1996 the survey was attached to the survey programme concerning all EU Member States, and the survey concerning 2004 includes for the first time all industries with the exception of agriculture, forestry and fishing (TOL A-B). Public administration (TOL L) is also excluded from the EU-wide survey.

The publications for 1996 and 2000 also contain data by personnel group (workers and salaried employees in processing industries and full and part-time employees in service industries) at the character level of industries (Labour costs in the private sector 1996, Wages and Salaries 1998:15; Labour costs 1996. Comparison of sectors, Wages and Salaries 1999:6; Labour costs 2000. Private sector and comparison of sectors, Wages and Salaries 2002:17).

Last updated 02.01.2014

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