Household Budget Survey
Description of the data collection
Statistics Finland’s Household Budget Survey produces information on changes in the consumption expenditure of households and on differences in consumption by population group. The survey also studies households’ housing conditions, possession of durable goods, the benefit gained from the use of social services and income. The survey is based on a sample for which the information is collected with telephone interviews, from diaries completed by households, from receipt information and from administrative registry data.
The Household Budget Survey belongs to EU-harmonised surveys. The harmonisation concerns the concepts, definitions and classifications. The survey is based on a so-called gentlemen's agreement, not a regulation.
From 1966 until 1990, the survey was conducted regularly at five-year intervals. From 1994 to 1996 the survey was carried out annually. Since then, Household Budget Surveys have been carried out in 1998, 2001 and 2006. The latest collection was made in 2012.
From whom are data collected?
The target population of the survey comprises private households permanently resident in Finland, i.e. the so-called household population. Excluded from the population are persons permanently resident abroad, persons without a postal address and the institutional population (e.g. long-term residents of old people’s homes, care institutions, prisons or hospitals).
Participation in the survey is voluntary for those selected to the sample. It is, however, important to include the answers from as many households as possible selected to the sample to represent all Finnish households in order for the survey to be successful.
The Statistics Act (280/2004) obliges Statistics Finland to treat the data as confidential. In the statistics to be published the data are reported in statistical form so that individual respondents cannot be identified from them.
What are the data used for?
Statistics Finland produces studies and reports on the Internet, in Statistics Finland’s periodicals and in a printed volume based on the data. The EU-harmonised data (HBS) are delivered to Eurostat.
The survey is based on a sample for which the information has been collected by interviewing households, from diaries completed by households, from receipt information and from administrative registry data. In the 2012 data collection, face-to-face interviews were for cost reasons replaced with two telephone interviews. In other respects, the method remains unchanged.
How often are data collected?