Century comparisons

During her independence, Finland has changed considerably. Changes can be seen in the major policies of society as well as in small everyday matters. In the century comparisons we present the change with the help of figures from the early years of independence and the present day. The photos used in the comparisons are from the collections of Finnish museums.

In addition to the website, the comparisons appear on Statistics Finland’s Twitter and Facebook accounts, where they are found with the hashtag #centurycomparison.

Recorded consumption of beer per inhabitant

1917 2016
10.5 litre 75.1 litre

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1919, Table 235.
Valvira. Statistics on alcohol 2016.

Population density

1920 2017
9.4 inhabitants per km² 18.1 inhabitants per km²

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1965, Table 10.
Statistics Finland. Population structure. Population density by area.

Proportion of children (aged 0 to 14) in the population

1917 2016
34.5% 16.3%

Statistics Finland. Population structure. Population by age and sex.

Average number of children per woman

1917 2016
3.71 1.57

Statistics Finland. Births. Total fertility rate.

Children born

1917 2016
81,046 52,814

Statistics Finland. Births. Live births by sex.

Share of housing in private consumption

1920 2015
9.2% 28.2%

Statistics Finland. National Accounts. Historical series: Structure of private consumption, exports and imports. Private consumption expenditure.

Share of food in private consumption

1920 2015
47.6% 11.2%

Statistics Finland. National Accounts. Historical series: Structure of private consumption, exports and imports. Private consumption expenditure.

Share of persons working in service industries and administration

1920 2016
10.9% 73.7%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, s. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Share of persons working in manufacturing

1920 2016
11.5% 21.8%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, s. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Viljaa kootaan seipäälle Share of persons working in agriculture and forestry

1920 2016
70.1% 4.1%

Statistics Finland. Population by industry: Population by industry and municipality in 1880 to 1975, p. 331.
Statistics Finland. Finland in Figures, Table Employed persons by industry.

Average milk production of a milking cow

1917 2016
1,894 litre 8406 litre

SCentral Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1925, Table 63.
Luke. Agricultural statistics. Total milk production.

Number of milking cows

1917 2016
1,075,749 275,375

Direction of the Agriculture. Agriculture and animal husbandry in Finland in 1918, p. 34.
Luke. Agricultural statistics. Number of livestock.

Imports of oranges to Finland

1917 2016
26,655 kg 29,145,113 kg

National Board of Customs. Finland's trade with foreign countries in 1917, Table 2a, Title VI.2.
Finnish Customs. Uljas database, Title 08051020.

 Working days lost during labour disputes

1917 2015
1,494,490 108,911

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1920, Table 225.
Statistics Finland. Statistics on labour disputes. Labour disputes by industry in 2002 to 2015.

Ploughed roads in winter

1925 2015
40 km 79,300 km

Parkko, Sinikka. Road transport. In Suomen vuosisata (Finland's century), (Statistics Finland, 2000).
Finnish Transport Agency's information service.

Passenger rail transport

1920 2015
775,488,000 km 4,113,000,000 km

Finnish Transport Agency. Finnish railways statistics 2015, s. 51.

Number of horses

1917 2015
270,553 74,200

Direction of the Agriculture. Agriculture and animal husbandry in Finland in 1918, p. 33.
Hippolis, Finnish trotting and breeding association, Equestrian Federation of Finland & Natural Resources Institute Finland. Equine industry in figures, Table 1.

Number of air passengers

1924 2016
269 20,786,846

Oikarinen, Jukka. Air transport. In Suomen vuosisata (Finland’s century) (Statistics Finland, 2000).
Finavia. Passengers 2016.

Average annual temperature in Helsinki

1917 2015
4.0 °C 7.8 °C

Finnish Meteorological Institute. Annual statistics.

Number of cars

1922 2015
1,754 3,847,045

Statistics Finland. Motor vehicle stock. Number of vehicles registered.

 

Consumption of coffee per person

1917 2015
1.72 kg 9.9 kg

Central Statistical Office of Finland Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 254.
Finnish Coffee Roasters Association. Coffee consumption.

 

Number of medical doctors

1917 2015
645 21,980

Central Statistical Office of Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 1922, Table 196.
Statistics Finland. Statistical Yearbook of Finland 2016, Table 19.3.

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